Violence - Types of Interpersonal Violence - Sexual Violence

Sexual Violence

Sexual violence is any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, unwanted sexual comments or advances, or acts to traffic, or otherwise directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object.

Population-level surveys based on reports from victims estimate that between 0.3–11.5% of women reported experiencing sexual violence. Sexual violence has serious short- and long-term consequences on physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health for victims and for their children as described in the section on intimate partner violence. If perpetrated during childhood, sexual violence can lead to increased smoking, drug and alcohol misuse, and risky sexual behaviours in later life. It is also associated with perpetration of violence (for males) and being a victim of violence (for females).

Many of the risk factors for sexual violence are the same as for domestic violence. Risk factors specific to sexual violence perpetration include beliefs in family honour and sexual purity, ideologies of male sexual entitlement and weak legal sanctions for sexual violence.

Few intervention to prevent sexual violence have been demonstrated to be effective. School-based programmes to prevent child sexual abuse by teaching children to recognize and avoid potentially sexually abusive situations are run in many parts of the world and appear promising, but require further research. To achieve lasting change, it is important to enact legislation and develop policies that protect women; address discrimination against women and promote gender equality; and help to move the culture away from violence.

Read more about this topic:  Violence, Types of Interpersonal Violence

Other articles related to "sexual violence, sexual, violence":

What Is Being Done To Prevent Sexual Violence
... The number of initiatives addressing sexual violence is limited and few have been evaluated ... Initiatives to prevent sexual violence Individual approaches Health care responses Community based efforts Legal and policy responses Psychological care and support ...
Human Rights In South Africa - Sexual Violence
... Rapes are also perpetrated by children (some as young as ten) ... Child and baby rape incidences are some of the highest in the world ...
Corrective Rape - See Also
... Causes of sexual violence Discrimination Factors associated with being a victim of sexual violence Heterosexism Lesbophobia Homophobia LGBT rights in South Africa Rape ...
Estimates Of Sexual Violence - Sexual Violence in Schools, Health Care Settings, Armed Conflicts and Refugee Settings - Health Care Settings
... Sexual violence against patients in health facilities has been reported in many places ... A study of physicians disciplined for sexual offences in the United States, for instance, found that the number of cases had increased from 42 in 1989 to 147 in ... Other documented forms of sexual violence against female patients include the involvement of medical staff in the practice of clitoridectomy in Egypt, forced gynecological examinations and the ...
Causes Of Sexual Violence - Societal Factors - Disasters and Lack of Infrastructure
... can play a key role in increasing rates of sexual violence ... in 2010, the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence Against Women, its Causes and Consequences noted women’s particular vulnerability and increased risk of experiencing violence following disasters ... The sexual violence experienced by large numbers of Haitian women and girls living in the Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps created following the January 2010 earthquake is one example ...

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