Velar Nasal

The velar nasal is the sound of ng in English sing. It is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ŋ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is N.

As a phoneme, the velar nasal does not occur in many of the indigenous languages of the Americas or in a large number of European or Middle Eastern languages, but it is extremely common in Australian Aboriginal languages. While almost all languages have /m/ and /n/, /ŋ/ is rarer. Only half of the 469 languages surveyed in Anderson (2008) had a velar nasal phoneme; as a further curiosity, a large proportion of them limits its occurrence to the syllable coda.

As with the voiced velar stop /ɡ/, the relative rarity of the velar nasal is because the small oral cavity, used to produce velar consonants, makes it more difficult for voicing to be sustained. It also makes it much more difficult to allow air to escape through the nose, as is required for a nasal.

In many languages that do not have the velar nasal as a phoneme, it occurs as an allophone of other nasals before velar consonants.

Read more about Velar NasalFeatures, Occurrence

Other articles related to "velar nasal, velar":

Angma
... The velar nasal is the sound of ng in English sing ... As a phoneme, the velar nasal does not occur in many of the indigenous languages of the Americas or in a large number of European or Middle Eastern languages, but it is ... Only half of the 469 languages surveyed in Anderson (2008) had a velar nasal phoneme as a further curiosity, a large proportion of them limits its occurrence to the syllable coda ...
List Of Latin Letters - Extensions
... reversed F Ᵹ ᵹ Insular G ɡ Script G Voiced velar plosive ɢ Small capital G Voiced uvular plosive partially devoiced velar stop in UPA ᵷ Turned G Georgian Ꝿ ꝿ Turned insular G Ɣ ɣ Gamma Voiced velar ... Small capital J ᴋ Small capital K ʞ Turned K Proposed symbol for velar click ... Withdrawn 1970 as articulation judged impossible ʟ Small capital L Velar lateral approximant voiced alveolar lateral in UPA Ꝇ ꝇ Broken L Medieval Nordic consonant ...
List Of Digraphs In Latin Alphabets - N
... derived orthographies, generally represents the velar nasal ... Indonesian), the Welsh language, and Rheinische Dokumenta, for velar nasal /ŋ/ and in some African languages (Lingala, Bambara, Wolof) for prenasalized /ɡ/ (/ⁿɡ/) ... language uses the digraph 'ng' to denote the phonemically long velar nasal /ŋː/ in contrast to 'nk' /ŋk/, which is its "strong" form under consonant gradation, a type of lenition ...
Velar Nasal - Occurrence
... Aleut chaang 'five' Armenian Eastern ընկեր 'friend' Allophone of /n/ before velar consonants ... 'English language' An allophone of /n/ before a velar stop ...
Pacific Northwest English - Phonology
... Before the velar nasal, /æ/ becomes ... southern Oregon, /æ/ is sometimes raised and diphthongized to or before the non-velar nasal consonants and ... This feature is rarer further north, where /æ/ tends to remain the same before non-velar nasal consonants, except for occasional schwa-like qualities (co-articulation of tongue and ...