In physical optics or wave optics, a **vector soliton** is a solitary wave with multiple components coupled together that maintains its shape during propagation. Ordinary solitons maintain their shape but have effectively only one (scalar) polarization component, while vector solitons have two distinct polarization components. Among all the types of solitons, optical vector solitons draw the most attention due to their wide range of applications, particularly in generating ultrafast pulses and light control technology. Optical vector solitons can be classified into temporal vector solitons and spatial vector solitons. During the propagation of both temporal solitons and spatial solitons, despite being in a medium with birefringence, the orthogonal polarizations can copropagate as one unit without splitting due to the strong cross-phase modulation and coherent energy exchange between the two polarizations of the vector soliton which may induce intensity differences between these two polarizations. Thus vector solitons are no longer linearly polarized but rather elliptically polarized.

Read more about Vector Soliton: Definition, History, FWM Spectral Sideband in Vector Soliton, Bound Vector Soliton, Vector Dark Soliton, Vector Dark Bright Soliton, Induced Vector Soliton, Vector Dissipative Soliton, Polarization Rotation of Vector Soliton, Higher-order Vector Soliton, Optical Domain Wall Soliton, Vector Soliton Fiber Laser With Atomic Layer Graphene, See Also

### Other articles related to "vector soliton, soliton, solitons":

**Vector Soliton**- See Also

...

**soliton**fiber laser Nonlinear system compacton, a

**soliton**with compact support Clapotis Freak waves may be a related phenomenon ... Oscillons peakon, a

**soliton**with a non-differentiable peak ... Q-ball a non-topological

**soliton**Soliton (topological) ...

... See also

**Soliton**(optics) Much experimentation has been done using

**solitons**in fiber optics applications ...

**Solitons**in a fiber optic system are described by the Manakov equations ...

**Solitons**' inherent stability make long-distance transmission possible without the use of repeaters, and could potentially double transmission capacity as well ...