UNITA

UNITA

The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (Portuguese: União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola) (UNITA) is the second-largest political party in Angola. Founded in 1966, UNITA fought alongside the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) in the Angolan War for Independence (1961–1975) and then against the MPLA in the ensuing civil war (1975–2002).

The war was one of the most prominent Cold War proxy wars, with UNITA receiving military aid from the United States and South Africa while the MPLA received support from the Soviet Union and its allies.

UNITA was led by Jonas Savimbi from its foundation until his death in 2002. His successor as President of UNITA is Isaías Samakuva. Following Savimbi's death, UNITA abandoned armed struggle and participated in electoral politics. The party won 16 out of 220 seats in the 2008 parliamentary election.

Read more about UNITA:  Founding, Civil War, Guerrilla Movement, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, Foreign Support

Other articles related to "unita":

UNITA - Foreign Support - United States
... high ranking security officials met with UNITA leaders ... Richard Allen, and Secretary of State Alexander Haig, on March 6, met with UNITA leaders in Washington, D.C ... would continue to provide assistance to UNITA ...
Lusaka Protocol - Treaty Terms
... Under the agreement the government and UNITA would ceasefire and demobilize. 5,500 UNITA members, including 180 militants, would join the Angolan National police, 1,200 UNITA members, including 40 militants, would join the rapid reaction police force ... The agreement gave UNITA politicians homes and a headquarters ...
CIA Activities In Angola - Angola 1980s
... offered covert aid to the anti-communist UNITA rebels, led by Jonas Savimbi ... "We are going to send Stinger missiles to the UNITA Freedom Fighters in Angola!" Those who were listening to the SW radio with me looked at one another in stunned amazement ... Not long afterwards the Stinger missiles began to arrive in UNITA controlled Free Angola ...
Cafunfo
... During the 1980s and 1990s it was the subject of heavy fighting between UNITA and FAPLA or FAA (Forças Armadas Angolanas) on multiple occasions and on at least two occasions foreign ... development by the Angolan Government and the diamond companies on each occasion that UNITA captured the town and then lost it, the rebel movement transported equipment and infrastructure to ...
Lusaka Protocol - Implementation
... The UN largely did not enforce the provision prohibiting UNITA from buying foreign arms and both sides continued to build up their stockpile ... complained that peace would only be achieved when the government defeated UNITA militarily, calling the protocol a "mistake." By December of 1998, the government and UNITA were again in a state of war ... Following the protocol the government and UNITA both engaged in the indiscriminate killing of civilians, torture, and other human rights violations ...