The commissioning of the Twelve Apostles during the ministry of Jesus is recorded in the Synoptic Gospels. After his resurrection, Jesus sent eleven of them (minus Judas Iscariot) by the Great Commission to spread his teachings to all nations. There is also an Eastern Christian tradition derived from the Gospel of Luke of seventy apostles. Paul the Apostle (Saul of Tarsus), not one of the twelve or the seventy but a later convert, "the apostle of the Gentiles", claimed a special commission from the resurrected Jesus, separate from the Great Commission given to the twelve. Paul did not restrict the term apostle to the twelve, he referred to his mentor Barnabas as an apostle. This restricted usage appears in Revelation. In modern usage, major missionaries are sometimes termed apostles, as in Saint Patrick, "Apostle of Ireland".
The sub-period of Early Christianity during the lifetimes of the apostles is called the Apostolic Age. In the 2nd century, association with the apostles was esteemed as evidence of authority and such churches are known as Apostolic Sees. Paul's epistles were accepted as scripture, and two of the four gospels were associated with apostles, as were other New Testament works. Various Christian texts, such as the Didache and the Apostolic Constitutions, were attributed to the twelve apostles. Bishops traced their lines of succession back to individual apostles, who were said to have dispersed from Jerusalem and established churches across great territories. Christian bishops have traditionally claimed authority deriving, by apostolic succession, from the twelve. Early Church Fathers that came to be associated with Apostles, such as Pope Clement I with Peter the Apostle, are referred to as Apostolic Fathers. The Apostles' Creed, popular in the West, was said to have been composed by the apostles themselves. The twelve apostles are also called the twelve disciples.
Other articles related to "twelve apostles, twelve, apostles":
... See also Twelve Apostles After highlighting the growing crowd following Jesus, Mark says Jesus went up a mountain and called twelve, whom he appointed Apostles ... Luke's lists in Luke 612-16 and Acts of the Apostles 113 do not list a Thaddaeus but instead list "Judas, son of James" or "Judas the brother of James" in the KJV (Luke 616), which ... the writing of the Gospels the exact recollection of the "minor" Apostles had become uncertain, and that there is no "Jude Thaddaeus", a creation of later hagiography ...
... William Kidd (Charles Laughton), a ruthless pirate who has recently captured the ship The Twelve Apostles and killed its crew, presents himself at the court of King William III (Henry Daniell) as ... Lord Blayne, the unfortunate captain of The Twelve Apostles ... When Mercy realizes it is the loot from The Twelve Apostles, with the Blayne crest, a fight breaks out ...
... the LDS church believes the right of determining a successor lies with the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles ... A recent succession crisis forced the Council of Twelve Apostles of the Community of Christ to utilize a procedure similar to that of the LDS Council of Twelve Apostles ... Veazey (himself president of the Twelve, but not the senior member) was selected as successor by the Council of Twelve due to Grant McMurray’s decision to not name a successor ...
... The Twelve Apostles of Mexico or Twelve Apostles of New Spain were a group of twelve Franciscan missionaries who arrived in the newly-founded Viceroyalty of New Spain in May ...
... Apostles' Fast Apostolic Fathers Apostolic succession Commissioning the twelve apostles Apostolic Council Disciple (Christianity) Disciples of Jesus in Islam Dispersion of the ...
Famous quotes containing the words twelve apostles, apostles and/or twelve:
“Among twelve apostles there must always be one who is as hard as stone, so that the new church may be built upon him.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)
“A bettre preest I trowe that nowher noon ys.
He waited after no pompe and reverence
Ne maked hym a spiced conscience,
But Cristes loore and his apostles twelve
He taughte, but first he folwed it hymselve.”
—Geoffrey Chaucer (1340?1400)
“Yet I well remember
The favors of these men. Were they not mine?
Did they not sometimes cry All hail! to me?
So Judas did to Christ; but He, in twelve,
Found truth in all but one; I, in twelve thousand, none.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)