In motion picture terminology, the term tracking shot may refer to a shot in which the camera is mounted on a camera dolly, a wheeled platform that is pushed on rails while the picture is being taken; in this case the shot is also known as a dolly shot or trucking shot. One may dolly in on a stationary subject for emphasis, or dolly out, or dolly beside a moving subject (an action known as "dolly with").
The term tracking shot may also refer to any shot in which the camera follows a subject within the frame, such as a moving actor or a moving vehicle. When using the term tracking shot in this sense, the camera may be moved in ways not involving a camera dolly, such as via a Steadicam, via handheld camera operator, or by being panned on a tripod.
The Italian feature film Cabiria (1914), directed by Giovanni Pastrone, was the first popular film to use dolly shots, which in fact were originally called "Cabiria movements" by contemporary filmmakers influenced by the film; however, some smaller American and English films had used the technique prior to Cabiria, as well as Yevgeni Bauer's The Child of the Big City, released a month prior to Cabiria. A popular use of a tracking shot was in The Avengers when the camera follows each member of the team for a short while during the final battle in New York.
The tracking shot can include smooth movements forward, backward, along the side of the subject, or on a curve. Dollies with hydraulic arms can also smoothly "boom" or "jib" the camera several feet on a vertical axis. Tracking shots, however, cannot include complex pivoting movements, aerial shots or crane shots.
Tracking shots are often confused with the long take – such as the 10-minute takes in Alfred Hitchcock's Rope (1948) – or sequence shots.
Read more about Tracking Shot: Variant
Other articles related to "shot, tracking shot, tracking":
... Shot on location in Rome, much of the film takes place during daytime, or in harshly overlit interiors ... for the finale and some night scenes, the entire movie is shot with clear, cold light permeating the surroundings ... crane to film a several minutes-long tracking shot that acted as an introduction to the sequence ...
... it is occasionally possible to get off what is called a "snap shot" (A snap shot is an opportunistic shot of brief duration, brief because of the rapid ... The preferable "tracking shot" opportunity lasts longer as long as the attacker can maintain a constant LOS to the bandit, accomplished by maneuvering in the same plane of motion as ... The process of getting into the same plane of motion as a bandit and setting up a tracking shot is called "getting into the saddle" or "saddling up".) at the opponent fighter, although due to the typically close range ...
... Aerial shot A shot taken from a plane, helicopter or a person on top of a building ... Not necessarily a moving shot ... Bridging shot A shot used to cover a jump in time or place or other discontinuity ...
... A variant of the tracking shot is the onride video, where the camera films during a ride on a train, an amusement ride (especially a roller coaster) or another vehicle ... A tracking shot is also a video taken by Oracle-rocket ...
... Immediately afterward their plane is shot down 9 ... "Day 400 ... p.m ... six bodies of the Coral Snake Unit meaning that nobody is tracking the bomb 14 ... "Day 900 ... p.m ... However during the transfer from CTU to Guantanamo, Syed is shot and killed by a sniper ...
Famous quotes containing the words shot and/or tracking:
“What constitutes a real, live human being is more of a mystery than ever these days, and meneach one of whom is a valuable, unique experiment on the part of natureare shot down wholesale.”
—Hermann Hesse (18771962)
“Such is the art of writing as Dreiser understands it and practices itan endless piling up of minutiae, an almost ferocious tracking down of ions, electrons and molecules, an unshakable determination to tell it all. One is amazed by the mole-like diligence of the man, and no less by his exasperating disregard for the ease of his readers.”
—H.L. (Henry Lewis)