Thematic Vowel - Developments From Thematic and Athematic Paradigms

Developments From Thematic and Athematic Paradigms

Thematic and athematic forms were passed on to the daughter languages of Proto-Indo-European. In the most ancient languages, such as Sanskrit and Ancient Greek, the distinction between athematic and thematic nouns and verbs is preserved. In later languages, the thematic versus athematic distinction in nouns was replaced by distinctions between various thematic ("vowel") and athematic ("consonant") declensions, and athematic verbs are typically regarded as irregular.

As a consequence of such language changes, the distribution of thematic and athematic words differs widely in Indo-European languages. Latin, for example, has only very few athematic verbs, while Sanskrit preserves a large number of these. Greek resembles both Sanskrit and Latin in different respects.

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Other articles related to "developments from thematic and athematic paradigms, thematic, athematic":

Thematic Vowel - Developments From Thematic and Athematic Paradigms - Fusion - Athematic Vowels
... near the end of a noun or verb, where one would expect a thematic vowel, are not actually thematic vowels ... In both Latin and Greek, there are athematic nouns whose stems end in i or u (with the allophones y or w before vowels) ... Because these vowels are not e or o, they are not thematic, and the nouns take the same endings as consonant-stem nouns ...

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