Textual Criticism - Eclecticism

Eclecticism

Eclecticism refers to the practice of consulting a wide diversity of witnesses to a particular original. The practice is based on the principle that the more independent transmission histories are, the less likely they will be to reproduce the same errors. What one omits, the others may retain; what one adds, the others are unlikely to add. Eclecticism allows inferences to be drawn regarding the original text, based on the evidence of contrasts between witnesses.

Eclectic readings also normally give an impression of the number of witnesses to each available reading. Although a reading supported by the majority of witnesses is frequently preferred, this does not follow automatically. For example, a second edition of a Shakespeare play may include an addition alluding to an event known to have happened between the two editions. Although nearly all subsequent manuscripts may have included the addition, textual critics may reconstruct the original without the addition.

The result of the process is a text with readings drawn from many witnesses. It is not a copy of any particular manuscript, and may deviate from the majority of existing manuscripts. In a purely eclectic approach, no single witness is theoretically favored. Instead, the critic forms opinions about individual witnesses, relying on both external and internal evidence.

Since the mid-19th century, eclecticism, in which there is no a priori bias to a single manuscript, has been the dominant method of editing the Greek text of the New Testament (currently, the United Bible Society, 4th ed. and Nestle-Aland, 27th ed.). Even so, the oldest manuscripts, being of the Alexandrian text-type, are the most favored, and the critical text has an Alexandrian disposition.

Read more about this topic:  Textual Criticism

Other articles related to "eclecticism":

Eclecticism In Architecture - History - The Shift Away From Eclecticism
... for historical imitation began to decline in the 1930s and eclecticism was phased out in the curriculums of design schools, in favour of a new style ... Despite the move away from eclecticism, the era still remains historically significant as it “re-opened the doors to innovation and new forms” for architecture in the ...
Hellenistic Philosophy - Hellenistic Schools of Thought - Eclecticism
... Eclecticism was a system of philosophy which adopted no single set of doctrines but selected from existing philosophical beliefs those doctrines that seemed most reasonable ...
Spanish Architecture - 19th Century - Eclecticism and Regionalism
... mixture of several old styles in the same construction the Eclecticism ... Industrial iron architecture and Eclecticism, as very often architects took some features of several of them for their works ...
Michel Legrand - Eclecticism
... Legrand has also recorded classical piano pieces by Erik Satie and American composers such as Amy Beach, George Gershwin, Aaron Copland, John Cage, and Conlon Nancarrow ... He is a prolific recorder of jazz, popular and classical music albums, have released over one hundred ...