The technological singularity is the theoretical emergence of greater-than-human superintelligence through technological means. Since the capabilities of such intelligence would be difficult for an unaided human mind to comprehend, the occurrence of a technological singularity is seen as an intellectual event horizon, beyond which events cannot be predicted or understood.
Proponents of the singularity typically state that an "intelligence explosion", where superintelligences design successive generations of increasingly powerful minds, might occur very quickly and might not stop until the agent's cognitive abilities greatly surpass that of any human.
The term was popularized by science fiction writer Vernor Vinge, who argues that artificial intelligence, human biological enhancement, or brain-computer interfaces could be possible causes of the singularity. The specific term "singularity" as a description for a phenomenon of technological acceleration causing an eventual unpredictable outcome in society was coined by mathematician John von Neumann, who in the mid 1950s spoke of "ever accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue." The concept has also been popularized by futurists such as Ray Kurzweil, who cited von Neumann's use of the term in a foreword to von Neumann's classic "The Computer and the Brain."
Some analysts expect the singularity to occur some time in the 21st century, although their estimates vary.
Other articles related to "neumann, von":
... On 5 February 1852 Neumann was appointed as Bishop of Philadelphia by the Holy See and was consecrated on 28 March by Bishop Dubois ... Neumann actively invited religious institutes to establish new houses within the diocese ... Neumann was notorious for his frugality ...
... After his release, he travelled to Schleswig-Holstein to join Baroness Gisela von Donner, an earlier acquaintance, on her estate and lived with her ... While there, he teamed up with Eduard Neumann, the former Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 27 and mentor of Hans-Joachim Marseille "The Star of Africa" ... Neumann had joined Galland's staff in April 1943 ...
... In 1714 Neumann entered into the service of the Prince-Bishopric of Würzburg, or secular authority (Hochstift) ... In Vienna he became acquainted with the baroque buildings of Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt, training himself in their style ... a trip to Milan he encountered the works of Guarino Guarini which wonder inspire Neumann's future projects ...
... Neumann was born in house No ... of nine children of cloth-maker Hans Christoph Neumann ... because this was the only path to follow for Neumann to have a military career as an engineer ...
... Karl Friedrich Neumann (December 28, 1793 - March 17, 1870), German orientalist, was born, under the name of Bamberger, at Reichsmannsdorf, near Bamberg ... became a convert to Protestantism and took the name of Neumann ... Returning to Germany in 1831 Neumann was made professor of Armenian and Chinese in the university of Munich ...
Famous quotes containing the words singularity, von and/or neumann:
“Losing faith in your own singularity is the start of wisdom, I suppose; also the first announcement of death.”
—Peter Conrad (b. 1948)
“There are many strange happenings, my boy. Many mysteries beyond the power of the human mind to comprehend.”
—Edward T. Lowe. Frank Strayer. Dr. von Niemann (Lionel Atwill)
“What a lesson here for our world. One blast, thousands of years of civilization wiped out.”
—Kurt Neumann (19061958)