Kabyle has absorbed quite some Arabic and Latin vocabulary. According to Salem Chaker, about a third of Kabyle vocabulary is of foreign origin; the amount of French loanwords has not been studied yet. These loanwords are sometimes Berberized and sometimes kept in their original form. The Berberized words follow the regular grammar of Kabyle (free and annexed state).
Examples of berberized Arabic or French words :
- Kitab => Taktabt (Book, Ar.)
- Machine => Tamacint (Machine, Fr.)
Many loanwords from Arabic have often a different meaning in Kabyle:
- El Mal (Money, Ar.) => Lmal (Domestic animals, Kab.)
All verbs of Arabic origin follow a Berber conjugation and verbal derivation:
- fhem (to understand) => ssefhem (to explain).
Only the first two numbers are Berber; for higher numbers, Arabic is used. They are yiwen (f. yiwet) "one", sin (f. snat) "two". The noun being counted follows it in the genitive: sin n yirgazen "two men".
Read more about this topic: Taqbaylit
Other articles related to "vocabulary":
... Like Bengali, most of the vocabulary of Chittagonian is derived from Pali ... Although much of the vocabulary of Chittagonian Bengali is the same as standard Bengali, there are several distinguishing features ... Muslims, they were further influenced by Arabic, Persian, and Turkish vocabulary, as these were the languages spoken by the Muslims of the time, especially the ...
... The vocabulary of Cape Verdean Creole comes mainly from Portuguese ... Temne, Balant, Mandjak, etc.), and the vocabulary from other languages (English, French, Latin) is negligible ...
... that O’Connor stumbled upon an unexpected discovery A person’s vocabulary level was the best single measure for predicting occupational success in every area ... Furthermore, vocabulary is not innate, and can be acquired by everybody ... Because acquisition of vocabulary was not, in O'Connor's view, determined by innate aptitudes, it became a major focus of his later writings ...
... James Flynn reports the remarkable differences in vocabulary exposure of pre-schoolers between different classes in the U.S.A ...
... Archaic vocabulary legal writing employs many old words and phrases that were formerly quotidian language, but today exist mostly or only in law, dating from the 16th century English examples are herein ...
Famous quotes containing the word vocabulary:
“The vocabulary of pleasure depends on the imagery of pain.”
—Marina Warner (b. 1946)
“One forgets words as one forgets names. Ones vocabulary needs constant fertilizing or it will die.”
—Evelyn Waugh (19031966)
“I have a vocabulary all my own. I pass the time when it is wet and disagreeable. When it is fine I do not wish to pass it; I ruminate it and hold on to it. We should hasten over the bad, and settle upon the good.”
—Michel de Montaigne (15331592)