Supreme Leader - List of Titles - 1930s and Earlier

1930s and Earlier

  • Benito Mussolini, former dictator, Prime Minister of Italy and leader of the National Fascist Party was titled Duce, which means Leader.
  • Antanas Smetona, the authoritarian president of Lithuania, adopted the title of Tautos Vadas ("Leader of the Nation")
  • Adolf Hitler, dictator of Germany from 1933 to 1945, was known as der Führer ("the leader").
  • Francisco Franco, dictator of Francoist Spain, assumed the title Caudillo, originally an honorary title for an army leader.
  • Birger Furugård, leader of the Swedish National Socialist Party had the title of Riksledaren ("National Leader").
  • Ioannis Metaxas, Greek dictator during the 4th of August Regime from 1936 until his death in 1941, assumed the title of Αρχηγός (Archigós, ) meaning "leader".
  • Chiang Kai-shek, de facto leader of the Republic of China, was sometimes referred as lingxiu (Chinese: 領袖)
  • Joseph Stalin, de facto leader of the Soviet Union, decreed that he was to be officially designated as вождь translit. Vožd (Chief, Leader) from his fiftieth birthday in 1929.
  • Rafael Trujillo, Dominican dictator from 1930 to 1961, assumed the nickname of "El Jefe" ("The Boss")
  • Subhas Chandra Bose, an Indian revolutionary in the Indian independence movement, was known as Netaji (Respected Leader).
  • Engelbert Dollfuss and Kurt Schuschnigg, austrofascist leaders of Austria from 1933 to 1938, were referred to as Bundesführer ("leader federal") as heads of the Patriotic Front.

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Famous quotes containing the word earlier:

    The earlier works of a man of genius are always preferred to the newer ones, in order to prove that he is going down instead of up.
    Victor Hugo (1802–1885)