The Spartan army stood at the centre of the Spartan state, whose citizens' primary obligation was to be good soldiers. Subject to military drill from infancy, the Spartans were one of the most feared military forces in world history. At the height of Sparta's power – between the 6th and 4th centuries BC – it was commonly accepted that "one Spartan was worth several men of any other state."
The iconic army was first coined by the philosopher Lycurgus. In his famous quote of Sparta having a "wall of men, instead of bricks", he proposed to create a military-focused lifestyle reformation in the Spartan society in accordance to proper virtues such as equality, austerity, strength, and fitness. A Spartan man's involvement with the army began in infancy when he was inspected by the Gerousia. If the baby was found to be weak, he was left at Mount Taygetus to die. Those deemed strong were then put in the agoge at the age of seven. Under the agoge the young boys or Spartiates were kept under intense and rigorous military training. Their education focused primarily on sports and war tactics, but also included poetry, music, academics, and sometimes politics. Those who passed the agoge by the age of 30 were given full Spartan citizenship.
The term "spartan" became synonymous with multiple meanings such as: fearlessness, harsh and cruel life, bland and lacking creativity, or simplicity by design. It is mostly used to describe a professional soldier or army.
Other articles related to "spartan army, spartan, spartans, army":
... The term "spartan" became synonymous with fearlessness, harsh and cruel life, bland and lacking creativity, or simplicity by design ... These characteristics is also derived from Spartan culture ... Deadliest Warrior, out of 1,000 battles, the Spartan defeated the Ninja 653 times compared to 347 for the ninja defeating the Spartan ...
... by the appearance, for the first time in 12 years, of a Spartan army under King Pleistoanax in Attica ... The threat from the Spartan army leads Pericles to arrange, by bribery and by negotiation, that Athens will give up its mainland possessions and confine itself to a largely maritime empire ... The Spartan army retires, so Pericles crosses back to Euboea with 50 ships and 5,000 soldiers, cracking down any opposition ...
... The Spartans were represented by King Agesilaus II while the Thebans were represented by the boeotarch Epaminondas ... The Spartans did the same, with the exception of Cleombrotus' army in Phocis ... At a meeting of the Spartan assembly to discuss the course of action, only one Spartan, named Prothous, was against war with Thebes ...
... runner, Pheidippides (or Philippides) was sent to Sparta to request that the Spartan army march to Athens' aid ... period of peace, and was informed that the Spartan army could not march to war until the full moon rose Athens could not expect reinforcement for at least ten days ... of the Persian line the remnants of the Persian army left the battle and fled to their ships ...
Famous quotes containing the words army and/or spartan:
“I have been up to see the Congress and they do not seem to be able to do anything except to eat peanuts and chew tobacco, while my army is starving.”
—Robert E. Lee (18071870)
“My hounds are bred out of the Spartan kind,
So flewed, so sanded; and their heads are hung
With ears that sweep away the morning dew;
Crook-kneed, and dewlapped like Thessalian bulls;
Slow in pursuit, but matched in mouth like bells,
Each under each.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)