Space Station

A space station (or orbital station) is a spacecraft capable of supporting a crew which is designed to remain in space (most commonly in low Earth orbit) for an extended period of time, and to which other spacecraft can dock. A space station is distinguished from other spacecraft used for human spaceflight by lack of major propulsion or landing systems. Instead other vehicles transport people and cargo to and from the station. As of October 2011 two space stations are in orbit; the International Space Station, and China's Tiangong 1. Previous stations include the Almaz and Salyut series, Skylab and most recently Mir.

Space stations are used to study the effects of long-term space flight on the human body as well as to provide platforms for greater number and length of scientific studies than available on other space vehicles. All space stations have been designed with the intention of rotating multiple crews, with each crew member staying aboard the station for weeks or months, but rarely more than a year. Since the ill-fated flight of Soyuz 11 to Salyut 1, all manned spaceflight duration records have been set aboard space stations. The duration record for a single spaceflight is 437.7 days, set by Valeriy Polyakov aboard Mir from 1994 to 1995. As of 2011, three astronauts have completed single missions of over a year, all aboard Mir.

Space stations have been used for both military and civilian purposes. The last military-use space station was Salyut 5, which was used by the Almaz program of the Soviet Union in 1976 and 1977.

Read more about Space Station:  Habitability, Architecture, List of Space Stations, Canceled Projects, Future Developments

Other articles related to "space station, space, station":

Space Station - Future Developments
... The People's Republic of China is expected to launch two more space labs called Tiangong 2 and Tiangong 3 before 2016 ... It will then launch a three module 60-ton space station by 2022 ... Republic of China for plans to create a manned space station ...
Space Buddies - Plot
... the day of Sam's school field trip to Vision Enterprises to watch a test launch of the Vision 1 space craft ... The dogs go to a space-suit machine and put on space-suits before following the group of students, who are being led by Dr ... The dogs get aboard the space shuttle Vision 1 ...
Soyuz TMA-15
... Soyuz TMA-15 was a manned spaceflight to the International Space Station ... programme, it transported three members of the Expedition 20 crew to the space station ... The Soyuz spacecraft remain docked to the space station during Expedition 20 and Expedition 21 as an emergency escape vehicle ...
STS-135 - Mission Timeline - 19 July (Flight Day 12 – Undocking)
... Space Shuttle Atlantis undocked from the Space Station early on flight day 12, marking the end of shuttle visits to the orbiting outpost ... flight engineer Ron Garan rang the station's bell in the Harmony module, and said "Atlantis, departing the International Space Station for the last time ... Doug Hurley paused the shuttle by firing thrusters for a moment and during this time the space station changed its orientation by rotating 90 degrees to the right ...
Soyuz TMA-02M
... Soyuz TMA-02M was a space mission that transported three members of the Expedition 28 crew to the International Space Station ... The Soyuz remained docked to the space station for the Expedition 28 increment to serve as a potential emergency escape vehicle ... expected to dock with the International Space Station around 0522 pm EDT on Thursday, 9 June 2011, the Soyuz docked with the ISS at 518 pm EDT, four minutes ahead of schedule ...

Famous quotes containing the words station and/or space:

    ...I believe it is now the duty of the slaves of the South to rebuke their masters for their robbery, oppression and crime.... No station or character can destroy individual responsibility, in the matter of reproving sin.
    Angelina Grimké (1805–1879)

    Not so many years ago there there was no simpler or more intelligible notion than that of going on a journey. Travel—movement through space—provided the universal metaphor for change.... One of the subtle confusions—perhaps one of the secret terrors—of modern life is that we have lost this refuge. No longer do we move through space as we once did.
    Daniel J. Boorstin (b. 1914)