Solar urticaria (SU) is a rare condition in which exposure to ultraviolet or UV radiation, or sometimes even visible light, induces a case of urticaria or hives that can appear in both covered and uncovered areas of the skin. It is classified as a type of physical urticaria. The classification of disease types is somewhat controversial. One classification system distinguished various types of SU based on the wavelength of the radiation that causes the breakout; another classification system is based on the type of allergen that initiates a breakout.
The agent in the human body responsible for the reaction to radiation, known as the photoallergen, has not yet been identified. The disease itself can be difficult to diagnose properly because it is so similar to other dermatological disorders, such as polymorphic light eruption or PMLE. The most helpful test is a diagnostic phototest, a specialized test which confirms the presence of an abnormal sunburn reaction. Once recognized, treatment of the disease commonly involves the administration of antihistamines, and desensitization treatments such as phototherapy. In more extreme cases, the use of immunosuppressive drugs and even plasmapheresis may be considered.
The initial discovery of the disease is credited to P. Merklen in 1904, but it did not have a name until the suggestion of "solar urticaria" was given by Duke in 1923. However, their research contributed to the study of this uncommon disease. More than one hundred cases have been reported in the past century.
Other articles related to "solar urticaria, urticaria":
... Solar urticaria is classified into six different types, depending upon the wavelength of light involved ... of 320 nm and below, people suffering from solar urticaria in response to wavelengths of less than 320 nm are protected by glass ...
... Solar urticaria was first identified by P ... later, in 1905, Ward became the first to induce urticaria through exposure to the sun in a controlled environment ... The name "solar urticaria" was proposed in 1923 ...
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