Sicily

Sicily (Italian Sicilia ; Sicilian: Sicilia, Greek: Σικελία) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Autonoma Siciliana (Sicilian Autonomous Region).

Sicily is located in the central Mediterranean. It extends from the tip of the Apennine peninsula from which it is separated only by the narrow Strait of Messina, towards the North African coast. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, which is at 3,320 m (10,890 ft) the tallest active volcano in Europe and one of the most active in the world. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate.

The earliest archeological evidence of human dwelling on the island dates from as early as 8000 BC. At around 750 BC, Sicily became a Greek colony and for the next 600 years it was the site of the Greek-Punic and Roman-Punic wars, which ended with the Roman destruction of Carthage. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, Sicily often changed hands, and during the early Middle Ages it was ruled in turn by the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Byzantines, Arabs and Normans. Later on, the Kingdom of Sicily lasted between 1130 and 1816, subordinated to the crowns of Aragon, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, and finally the Bourbons, as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. It was united with the rest of Italy in 1860, but a subsequent economic collapse led to a wave of emigration, separatism, and the emergence of the Mafia, whose criminal activities pose problems to this day. After the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946, Sicily was given special status as an autonomous region.

Sicily has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, architecture and language. Sicily also holds importance for archeological and ancient sites such as the Necropolis of Pantalica, the Valley of the Temples and Selinunte.

Read more about SicilyGeography, Flora and Fauna, Economy, Demographics, Government and Politics, Administrative Divisions, Tourism, Popular Culture

Other articles related to "sicily":

Peter Of Aigueblanche - Sicily
... There Peter became embroiled in the attempt by King Henry to secure the kingdom of Sicily, which was granted to Henry by the papacy if Henry would drive Manfred of Sicily out of the kingdom and repay ... The intention of the clergy had not been to raise money for the king's efforts in Sicily, and this led to Peter being universally condemned in England ...
Sicily - Culture - Symbols and Icons - Mount Etna
... Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and still plagues the island with black ash with its ever current eruptions ... It currently stands 3,329 metres (10,922 ft) high, though this varies with summit eruptions the mountain is 21 m (69 ft) lower now than it was in 1981 ...
Elisabeth Of Carinthia - Marriage
... in Catania, she married Peter II of Sicily and became queen-consort of Sicily ... Louis, she had two sons and six daughters Constance (1324 – October 1355), regent of Sicily from 1352 to 1354, unmarried Eleanor (1325–1375), married Peter IV of Aragon, mother of Martin II of Sicily Beatrice ...
Morgantina - History
... indigenous Sikel population of central Sicily, attacked the city and captured it.3 Morgantina was probably still under Douketios' control when he was defeated at Nomai by Syracuse in ... their wine — Pliny called it "the very best among all those that come from Sicily" — and had been transplanted from Sicily to mainland Italy by the 2nd ...
Piazza Armerina - Language
... See also Lombards of Sicily and Gallo-Italic of Sicily Piazza Armerina is one of the so-called "Lombardic" communes of Sicily, as its dialect differs notably from that of the ... to the destruction of the old Piazza by king William I of Sicily, and the subsequent repopulation by William II (according to other scholars, during the ...

Famous quotes containing the word sicily:

    One usually dies because one is alone, or because one has got into something over one’s head. One often dies because one does not have the right alliances, because one is not given support. In Sicily the Mafia kills the servants of the State that the State has not been able to protect.
    Giovanni Falcone (1939–1992)