Serial ATA

Serial ATA (SATA) is a computer bus interface for connecting host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical drives. Serial ATA was designed to replace the older AT Attachment standard (ATA; later referred to as Parallel ATA or PATA and often called by the old name IDE), offering several advantages over the older interface: reduced cable size and cost (7 conductors instead of 40), native hot swapping, faster data transfer through higher signalling rates, and more efficient transfer through an (optional) I/O queuing protocol.

SATA host adapters and devices communicate via a high-speed serial cable over two pairs of conductors. In contrast, parallel ATA (the redesignation for the legacy ATA specifications) used a 16-bit wide data bus with many additional support and control signals, all operating at much lower frequency. To ensure backward compatibility with legacy ATA software and applications, SATA uses the same basic ATA and ATAPI command-set as legacy ATA devices.

SATA has replaced parallel ATA in consumer desktop and laptop computers, and has largely replaced PATA in new embedded applications. SATA's market share in the desktop PC market was 99% in 2008. PATA remains widely used in industrial and embedded applications that use CompactFlash storage, though even there, the new CFast storage standard is based on SATA.

Serial ATA industry compatibility specifications originate from The Serial ATA International Organization (aka. SATA-IO, serialata.org). The SATA-IO group collaboratively creates, reviews, ratifies, and publishes the interoperability specifications, the test cases, and plug-fests. As with many other industry compatibility standards, the SATA content ownership is transferred to other industry bodies: primarily the INCITS T13 subcommittee ATA, the INCITS T10 subcommittee (SCSI); a subgroup of T10 responsible for Serial Attached SCSI (SAS). The complete specification from SATA-IO. The remainder of this article will try to use the terminology and specifications of SATA-IO.

Read more about Serial ATACables, Connectors, and Ports, Protocol, Topology

Other articles related to "serial ata, ata":

Serial ATA International Organization
... Serial ATA International Organization (SATA-IO) is an independent, non-profit organization which provides the computing industry with guidance and support for implementing ... formed in July 2004 by incorporating the previous Serial ATA Working Group ...
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... Both are defined in the ATA Specifications Standards ... See Serial ATA for more information ... One feature, called Power-up in standby (PUIS) (also called PM2) is used on some Serial ATA (SATA) and Parallel ATA (sometimes called PATA or IDE) hard disk drives ...
Serial ATA - Comparison To Other Interfaces - Comparison With Other Buses
... SCSI-3 devices with SCA-2 connectors are designed for hot-swapping ... Many server and RAID systems provide hardware support for transparent hot-swapping ...
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... Serial ATA 1.2 Gbit/s Hypertransport 1.6 Gbit/s Infiniband 2.5 Gbit/s PCI Express 2.5 Gbit/s Serial ATA II 2.4 Gbit/s XAUI 3.125 Gbit/s Serial ATA III 4.8 Gbit/s PCI Express 2.0 500 MB/s per lane 10 Gigabit ...

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