Santa Cruz Mountains

The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. They form a ridge along the San Francisco Peninsula, south of San Francisco, separating the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco Bay and the Santa Clara Valley, and continuing south, bordering Monterey Bay and ending at the Salinas Valley. The range passes through San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara and Santa Cruz, with San Francisco at the northern end and the Pajaro River at the southern end.

The northernmost portion of the Santa Cruz Mountains is known as Montara Mountain, north of Half Moon Bay Road (California State Route 92) the middle portion is known as the Sierra Morena, which includes a summit called Sierra Morena, and extends south to a gap at Lexington Reservoir, south of the gap the mountain range is known as the Sierra Azul.

The highest point in the range is Loma Prieta Peak 3,786 feet (1,154 m), near which is the epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Other major peaks include Mount Umunhum 3,486 feet (1,063 m), Mount Bielawski 3,231 feet (985 m), El Sombroso 2,999 feet (914 m), Eagle Rock 2,488 feet (758 m), Black Mountain 2,800 feet (850 m), and Sierra Morena 2,417 feet (737 m). The San Andreas Fault runs along or near the ridge line throughout the range. The east side of the mountains drops abruptly towards this fault line especially near Woodside and Saratoga.

For much of the length of the range on the San Francisco Peninsula, State Route 35 runs along its ridge, and is known as "Skyline Boulevard". The major routes across the mountains are (from north to south) SR 92 from Half Moon Bay to San Mateo, SR 84 from San Gregorio to Redwood City, SR 9 from Santa Cruz to Saratoga, SR 17 from Santa Cruz to Los Gatos, SR 152 from Watsonville to Gilroy, SR 129 from Watsonville to San Juan Bautista, and US Highway 101 from Salinas to Gilroy.

The Santa Cruz Mountains have been a legally defined American Viticultural Area since 1981. Wine has been produced here since at least the 1840s. The Santa Cruz Mountain AVA has emerged as premier producer of top wines, recognized in the historic Judgement of Paris on May 26, 1976. There are over 30 wineries located in this area.

Read more about Santa Cruz MountainsGeology, Ecology, Climate, Recreation, Cultural History

Other articles related to "santa cruz mountains, santa, santa cruz, mountain":

Santa Cruz Mountains AVA
... The Santa Cruz Mountains AVA is an American Viticultural Area centered around the Santa Cruz Mountains ... It includes three counties in California Santa Clara, Santa Cruz and San Mateo ... Recognized as an AVA in 1981, the Santa Cruz Mountains Appellation was among the first to be defined by its mountain topography ...
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... Belgatos Park and connected Heintz, and Santa Rosa open space preserves, Los Gatos Big Basin Redwoods State Park, Santa Cruz Mountains Castle Rock State Park, Santa Cruz Mountains Ed R ... Glen and South San Jose Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park, Santa Cruz Mountains Kelley Park, Willow Glen (south-central San Jose) Lake Cunningham, East San ...
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... of its route I-280 runs along the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains, and is very scenic, while 101 is highly urban and is locally known as "the world's longest parking lot." Route 1 Cabrillo Highway Route 35 ... SR 1 as Cabrillo Highway connects to Half Moon Bay, Santa Cruz, and Monterey, before continuing to Los Angeles ... Route 9 Route 17 Santa Cruz Freeway Highways through the Santa Cruz Mountains, connecting the South Bay to Santa Cruz ...

Famous quotes containing the words mountains and/or santa:

    It is the sorrow; shall it melt? Ah, water
    Would gush, flush, green these mountains and these valleys
    And we rebuild our cities, not dream of islands.
    —W.H. (Wystan Hugh)

    On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe.
    Johnny Mercer (1909–1976)