Salamander

Salamander is a common name of approximately 550 extant species of amphibians. They are typically characterized by a superficially lizard-like appearance, with slender bodies, short noses, and long tails. All known fossil salamanders and all extinct species fall under the order Caudata, while sometimes the extant species are grouped together as the Urodela. Most salamanders have four toes on their front legs and five on their rear legs. Their moist skin usually makes them reliant on habitats in or near water, or under some protection (e.g., moist ground), often in a wetland. Some salamander species are fully aquatic throughout life, some take to the water intermittently, and some are entirely terrestrial as adults. Unique among vertebrates, they are capable of regenerating lost limbs, as well as other body parts. Many of the members of the family Salamandridae are known as newts.

The earliest known salamander fossils have been found in geological deposits of China and Kazakhstan, which have been dated to the middle Jurassic period, up to 164 million (plus or minus 4 million) years ago.

Read more about SalamanderPhysical Characteristics, Physiology, Feeding, Defense, Distribution, Development, Declining Populations, Taxonomy, Phylogeny, Mythology and Popular Culture, Implications of Limb Regeneration As Applied To Humans

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Legendary Salamander In Popular Culture - Fantastic Beasts
... Books In Estates and Empires of the Sun and Moon, Cyrano de Bergerac depicts a battle between the salamander as fire-creature and the remora as ice-creature ... In Ruth Plumly Thompson's Oz novel Captain Salt in Oz (1936), a salamander is erupted from a volcano and collected as a specimen ... The Captain carries it in the bowl of his lit pipe, and names the island Salamander Island ...
Salamander - Implications of Limb Regeneration As Applied To Humans
... Salamanders' limb regeneration has been the focus of significant interest among scientists ... A theory persists in the scientific community that such regeneration could be artificially recreated in humans using stem cells ...
Spotted-tail Salamander - Description
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Legendary Salamander In Popular Culture - Allusion
... In the Ray Bradbury novel Fahrenheit 451 (1953), the vehicles driven by the "firemen" are called Salamanders, and the firemen's badges have salamanders ... the main character, Honor Harrington, is often referred to as "The Salamander" as she is always to be found where the action is the hottest ... Games In the BattleTech franchise, the Salamander is a Clan anti-battlemech and anti-infantry battle armor that utilizes a flamethrower-type weapon in conjunction with ...
Spotted-tail Salamander
... The cave salamander (Eurycea lucifuga), also known as the spotted-tail salamander, is a species of cave salamander ...