Runic Inscriptions

Runic Inscriptions

A runic inscription is an inscription made in one of the various runic alphabets. The body of runic inscriptions falls into the three categories of Elder Futhark (some 350 items, dating to between the 2nd and 8th centuries AD), Anglo-Frisian Futhorc (some 100 items, 5th to 11th c.) and Younger Futhark (close to 6,000 items, 8th to 12th c.).

The total 350 known inscriptions in the Elder Futhark script fall into two main geographical categories, North Germanic (Scandinavian, ca. 267 items) and Continental or South Germanic ("German" and Gothic, ca. 81 items). These inscriptions are on many types of loose objects, but the North Germanic tradition shows a preference for bracteates, while the South Germanic one has a preference for fibulae. The precise figures are debatable because some inscriptions are very short and/or illegible, so that it is uncertain whether they qualify as an inscription at all.

The division into Scandinavian, North Sea (Anglo-Frisian) and South Germanic inscription makes sense from the 5th century. In the 3rd and 4th centuries, the Elder Futhark script is still in its early phase of development, with inscriptions concentrated in what is now Denmark and Northern Germany.

The tradition of runic literacy continues in Scandinavia into the Viking Age, developing into the Younger Futhark script. Close to 6,000 Younger Futhark inscriptions are known, many of them on runestones.

Read more about Runic InscriptionsTypes of Inscribed Objects, Early Period (2nd To 4th C.), Scandinavian, Anglo-Frisian, Continental

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Runic Inscriptions - Continental - Frankish
... Very few inscriptions can be associated with the Franks, reflecting their early Romanization and Christianization ... An important find is the Bergakker inscription, suggested as recording 5th-century Old Frankish ... The only other inscription definitely classified as Frankish is the Borgharen buckle, reading bobo (a Frankish personal name) ...
Bewcastle Cross - Reliefs - Runic Inscriptions
... The inscription on the west side has been read as Referring to Egfrid son of Oswy and brother of Alefrid, who ascended to the throne in 670, the south side inscription has been ...
Félag - Runic Inscriptions - N 648
... The inscription dates back to the early fourteenth century ... The inscription speaks of Þórir the Fair who greets his félagi Hafgrímr, and requests his partner to help him in need ...
Germanic Languages - History
... Their exact relation is difficult to determine from the sparse evidence of runic inscriptions, and they remained mutually intelligible throughout the Migration ... North Germanic is only attested in scattered runic inscriptions, as Proto-Norse, until it evolves into Old Norse by about 800 ... Longer runic inscriptions survive from the 8th and 9th centuries (Eggjum stone, Rök stone), longer texts in the Latin alphabet survive from the 12th century (Íslendi ...

Famous quotes containing the word inscriptions:

    “Our earth is degenerate in these latter days. Bribery and corruption are common. Children no longer obey their parents. . . . The end of the world is evidently approaching.” Sound familiar? It is, in fact, the lament of a scribe in one of the earliest inscriptions to be unearthed in Mesopotamia, where Western civilization was born.
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