Roller derby is a contact sport played by two teams of five members roller skating in the same direction around a track. Game play consists of a series of short matchups ("jams") in which both teams designate a scoring player (the "jammer") who scores points by lapping members of the opposing team. The teams attempt to assist their own jammer whilst hindering the opposing jammer — in effect, playing both offense and defense simultaneously. Roller derby is played by more than 1,200 amateur leagues worldwide.
While the sport has its origins in the banked-track roller skating marathons of the 1930s, Leo Seltzer and Damon Runyon are credited with the basic evolution of the sport to its initial competitive form. Professional roller derby quickly became popular; in 1940 more than 5 million spectators watched in about 50 US cities. In the ensuing decades, however, it predominantly became a form of sports entertainment where the theatrical elements overshadowed the athleticism. This gratuitous showmanship largely ended with the sport's contemporary grassroots revival in the first decade of the 21st century. Although some sports entertainment qualities such as player pseudonyms and colorful uniforms were retained, scripted bouts with predetermined winners were abandoned.
Modern roller derby is an international sport dominated by all-female amateur teams, in addition to a growing number of male, co-ed, and junior roller derby teams, and is as a roller sport under consideration for the 2020 Olympics. Most modern leagues (their back-office volunteers included) share a strong "do it yourself" (DIY) ethic which combines athleticism and elements from punk, camp, and third-wave feminist aesthetics.
2006 Tony Glavin Soccer Complex Arch Rival Roller Girls Women's Roller Derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association 2005 Various 0 St ... Louis GateKeepers Men's Roller Derby (MRDA) Men's Roller Derby Association 2006 Various 0 River City Rage Arena Football United Indoor Football 2001 ...
... Jacksonville is home to the Jacksonville RollerGirls, a flat track roller derby league in the Women's Flat Track Derby Association. 2006, and features three home teams plus a traveling all-star team, the New Jax City Rollers ...
... Central New York Roller Derby (CNYRD) is a women's flat-track roller derby league in Utica, New York ... Program of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA), and in September 2010 they were accepted as a full member league ...
... The Roller Derby World Cup, an international competition, took place in Toronto, Canada, in December 2011 ...
Famous quotes containing the word roller:
“And thus Snow White became the princes bride.
The wicked queen was invited to the wedding feast
and when she arrived there were
red-hot iron shoes,
in the manner of red-hot roller skates,
clamped upon her feet.”
—Anne Sexton (19281974)