During the Liturgy of the Eucharist, the second part of the Mass, the elements of bread and wine are considered, in some branches of Christian practice, to have been transubstantiated into the veritable Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. In many Christian churches some portion of the consecrated elements is set aside and reserved after the reception of the Holy Eucharist, referred to as the reserved sacrament. The reserved sacrament is usually stored in a tabernacle, a locked cabinet made of precious materials and usually located on, above or near the high altar. In Western Christianity usually only the Host, from Latin: hostia, meaning "victim" (the consecrated bread), is reserved.
The reasons for the reservation of the sacrament vary by tradition, but common reasons for reserving the sacrament include for it to be taken to the ill or housebound, for the devotional practice of Eucharistic Adoration, for viaticum for the dying, and so that Communion may still be administered if a priest is unavailable to celebrate the Eucharist. During the Triduum, the sacrament is taken in procession from the tabernacle, if on the high altar or otherwise in the sanctuary, to the Altar of Repose, reserved from the end of the Mass of the Lord's Supper until after the Mass of the Pre-Sanctified or the Communion Rite on Good Friday, commemorating the time between the Last Supper and the Crucifixion of Jesus. The Blessed Sacrament is then returned to the tabernacle at the end of the first Mass of the Resurrection.
Other articles related to "reserved sacrament, sacrament, reserved":
... and Eastern Catholic Churches the Sacred Mysteries (Blessed Sacrament) are reserved on the Holy Table (altar) for the communion of the sick ... For this reason, the faithful receive the reserved Mysteries on Wednesdays, Fridays and feast days in a service known as the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts ... The Christian East has no concept of the adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of the context of Holy Communion, and the rite of Benediction developed in the West ...
... In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Holy Mysteries (reserved sacrament) are kept in a tabernacle or ark (Slavonic Kovtchég) on the altar at all times ... the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts (wherein Communion is received from the reserved Sacrament), when the consecrated Holy Mysteries are brought out during the Great Entrance, everyone ... Therefore, both are reserved in the tabernacle ...
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