Race (human Classification)
Race is a classification system used to categorize humans into large and distinct populations or groups by heritable phenotypic characteristics, geographic ancestry, culture, history, language, physical appearance, ethnicity, and social status. In the early twentieth century the term was often used, in a taxonomic sense, to denote genetically differentiated human populations defined by phenotype.
While biologists sometimes use the concept of race to make distinctions among fuzzy sets of traits, others in the scientific community suggest that the idea of race is often used in a naive or simplistic way, i.e. that among humans, race has no taxonomic significance: all living humans belong to the same species, Homo sapiens. Social conceptions and groupings of races vary over time, involving folk taxonomies that define essential types of individuals based on perceived traits. Scientists consider biological essentialism obsolete, and generally discourage racial explanations for collective differentiation in both physical and behavioral traits.
Since the second half of the twentieth century the associations of race with the ideologies and theories that grew out of the work of 19th-century anthropologists and physiologists has led to the use of the word race itself becoming problematic. Although still used in general contexts, it is now often replaced by other words which are less emotionally charged, such as populations, people(s), ethnic groups or communities depending on context.
Read more about Race (human Classification): Complications and Various Definitions of The Concept, Historical Origins of Racial Classification
Other related articles:
... New research in molecular genetics,and the marketing of genetic identities through the analysis of one'sY chromosome,mtDNA,or autosomal DNA to ... Typically,a consumer of a commercial PGH service sends in a sample of DNA which is analyzed by molecular biologists and is sent a report ... For many customers of lineage-based tests,there is a lack of understanding that their maternal and paternal lineages do not necessarily represent their entire genetic ...
Famous quotes containing the word race:
“I dont like the idea of the black race being diluted out of existence. I like the idea of all of us being here.”
—Gwendolyn Brooks (b. 1917)