Proline

Proline (abbreviated as Pro or P) is an α-amino acid, one of the twenty DNA-encoded amino acids. Its codons are CCU, CCC, CCA, and CCG. It is not an essential amino acid, which means that the human body can synthesize it. It is unique among the 20 protein-forming amino acids in that the amine nitrogen is bound to not one but two alkyl groups, thus making it a secondary amine. The more common form has S stereochemistry.

Read more about Proline:  Biosynthesis, Properties in Protein Structure, Cis-trans Isomerization, Uses, Specialties, History

Other articles related to "proline":

PRR4
... Proline-rich protein 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PRR4 gene ... Lacrimal proline rich protein is a member of the proline-rich protein family which lacks a conserved repetitive domain ...
PRB1
... Basic salivary proline-rich protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PRB1 gene ... The protein encoded by this gene is a proline-rich salivary protein ... This gene and five other genes that also encode salivary proline-rich proteins (PRPs), as well as a gene encoding a lacrimal gland PRP, form a PRP gene ...
Proline (disambiguation)
... Proline is an amino acid ... Proline or Pro-Line may also refer to ProLine (company), an electronics brand Pro-Line, a manufacturer of radio-controlled car accessories Sport Select, Canadian betting games also known as Pro-Line ...
Proline - History
... Richard Willstätter synthesized proline by the reaction of sodium salt of diethyl malonate with 1,3-dibromopropane in 1900 ... In 1901, Hermann Emil Fischer isolated proline from casein and the decomposition products of γ-phthalimido-propylmalonic ester ...
SCZD4
... Proline dehydrogenase, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PRODH gene ... The protein encoded by this gene is a mitochondrial proline dehydrogenase which catalyzes the first step in proline catabolism ...