In ordinary usage, price is the quantity of payment or compensation given by one party to another in return for goods or services.
In modern economies, prices are generally expressed in units of some form of currency. (For commodities, they are expressed as currency per unit weight of the commodity, e.g. euros per kilogram.) Although prices could be quoted as quantities of other goods or services this sort of barter exchange is rarely seen. Prices are sometimes quoted in terms of vouchers such as trading stamps and air miles. In some circumstances, cigarettes have been used as currency, for example in prisons, in times of hyperinflation, and in some places during World War 2. In the black economy, barter is also relatively common.
In many financial transactions, it is customary to quote prices in other ways. The most obvious example is in pricing a loan, when the cost will be expressed as the percentage rate of interest. The total amount of interest payable depends upon the loan amount and the period of the loan. Other examples can be found in pricing financial derivatives and other financial assets. For instance the price of inflation-linked government securities in several countries is quoted as the actual price divided by a factor representing inflation since the security was issued.
Price sometimes refers to the quantity of payment requested by a seller of goods or services, rather than the eventual payment amount. This requested amount is often called the asking price or selling price, while the actual payment may be called the transaction price or traded price. Likewise, the bid price or buying price is the quantity of payment offered by a buyer of goods or services, although this meaning is more common in asset or financial markets than in consumer markets.
Economists sometimes define price more generally as the ratio of the quantities of goods that are exchanged for each other.
Other articles related to "price, prices":
... Price developed his ideas with his close neighbour Richard Payne Knight, whose poem 'The Landscape' was published the same year as Price's Essay delineating his ... Well before Price's Essay or Knight's poem, however, the term 'pictoresque' was used in early 18th century France to refer to a property of being 'in the style of a painter.' Pope, in his "Letter to ... as "a quality distinct from that of beauty, or sublimity, or grandeur." For Price, the Picturesque was more specifically defined as being located between the ...
... Irving Lanouette Price (September 21, 1884 – November 23, 1976) was a U.S ... He was the co-founder and co-eponym of Fisher-Price Toys in 1930. 1909, he married the children's book illustrator and artist Margaret Evans Price (1888-1973) ...
... Later scholars argued that Marx's formulas for competitive prices were mistaken ... requires a uniform rate of return over constant capital valued at its price, not its Marxian value, contrary to what is done in Table 2 above ... Secondly, competitive prices result from the sum of costs valued at the prices of things, not as amounts of embodied labour ...
2010 Waitrose launched a campaign matching Tesco's price on 1000 branded products ... everyday items would be no more expensive than shopping in Tesco by directly matching the price with that of its rival ... In 2012 this was updated to include a price match promise on all branded goods with Tesco ...
... There were 92 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.4% were married couples living together, 5.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Famous quotes containing the word price:
“I have asked a lot of my emotionsone hundred and twenty stories. The price was high, right up with Kipling, because there was one little drop of something, not blood, not a tear, not my seed, but me more intimately than these, in every story, it was the extra I had. Now it has gone and I am just like you now.”
—F. Scott Fitzgerald (18961940)
“Nowadays people know the price of everything and the value of nothing.”
—Oscar Wilde (18541900)
“By all those, who are not much acquainted with him, he was considered infinitely below his level; he put no price upon himself, and consequently went at an undervalue; for the world is complaisant or dupe enough, to give every man the price he sets upon himself, provided it be not insolently and overbearingly demanded. It turns upon the manner of asking.”
—Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (16941773)