Piri

The piri is a Korean double reed instrument, used in both the folk and classical (court) music of Korea. It is made of bamboo. Its large reed and cylindrical bore gives it a sound mellower than that of many other types of oboe.

In the typical piri, there are eight finger holes on the bamboo body. Seven of the finger holes are on the front and one is on the back for the thumb.

There are four types of piri:

  1. Hyang piri (hangul: 향피리; hanja: 鄕觱篥)
  2. Se piri (hangul: 세피리; hanja: 細觱篥)
  3. Dang piri (hangul: 당피리; hanja: 唐觱篥)
  4. Dae piri (대피리)

There are different types of piris because each is suited for a different type of music and use. The Hyang piri is the longest and most common out of all piris. Because of its loud and nasal tone, it usually plays the main melody in an ensemble. The se piri is the smaller, thinner, and much quieter one. Additionally, because of its quiet tone, it is used along with voices or soft stringed instruments. The Dang/Tang piri is wider and is similar to the Chinese guanzi instrument. Additionally, the dae piri is a modernized piri, with keys and a bell, looking much more like a western oboe.

Piri is thought to have been introduced to Korea from a country bordering west of China before Goguryeo period. According to Suseo (수서; 隋書), piri was also known as gagwan (가관; 笳管), and it originates from Kucha. During the reign of King Yejong of Goryeo dynasty, another double-reed cylindrical instrument was imported from Song dynasty China, and to disambiguate, the former was named hyang piri and the latter dang piri. Se piri is smaller than hyang piri but has the same structure and range. Se piri appears to be invented much later than hyang piri.

The piri's equivalent in China is the guan (also known as bili), and its counterpart in Japan is the hichiriki.

Other articles related to "piri":

Aranka Siegal - Books - Upon The Head of The Goat - About The Book
... Siegal is the nine-year-old Piri of the narrative ... The name 'Piri' comes from the Yiddish name Siegal's grandmother used to call her by, 'Perele' ... up on the name, but would instead say 'Piri' ...
Denijal Pirić
... Denijal Pirić (born September 27, 1946 in Živinice) is a former Bosnian football player ... At the time a youth team coach, Pirić was given a caretaker role of Bosnia and Herzegovina national side to take charge of a home friendly match against ... Pirić is currently a technical director of Bosnian national teams ...
African Bird's Eye - Etymology
... Piri piri is the spelling of the name as used in the Portuguese language, namely in the Portuguese speaking Mozambican community ... "There's a lot of debate about how the piri-piri pepper came to Portugal", says Dave DeWitt, author of The Chile Pepper Encyclopedia (Morrow, 1999) ... its African name." The Oxford Dictionary of English records "piri-piri" as a foreign word meaning "a very hot sauce made with red chilli peppers" and giving its origin as the Ronga ...
Traditional Korean Musical Instruments - Wind - Oboes
... Piri (hangul 피리 hanja 觱篥) – A cylindrical oboe with a bamboo body ... There are four varieties of piri Hyang piri (hangul 향피리 hanja 鄕觱篥) Se piri (hangul 세피리 hanja 細觱篥) Dang piri (hangul 당피리 hanja ...
Guia (Albufeira)
... It is famous for its numerous chicken piri-piri restaurants, and is known locally as "The Capital of Chicken" ... The very first chicken piri-piri was supposedly grilled here in 1974 by José Carlos Ramires whose eponymous restaurant is still open today ...