Phase Transitions

Some articles on phase transitions, phase transition, transition, phases:

Autocatalytic Reaction - Phase Transitions
... This abrupt change is known as phase transition ... At the phase transition, fluctuations in macroscopic quantities, such as chemical concentrations, increase as the system oscillates between the more ordered state (lower entropy, such as ice water) and the ... Also, at the phase transition, macroscopic equations, such as the rate equations, fail ...
Phase Changes - Characteristic Properties - Relevance in Cosmology
... Symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in cosmology ... As the universe expanded and cooled, the vacuum underwent a series of symmetry-breaking phase transitions ... For example, the electroweak transition broke the SU(2)×U(1) symmetry of the electroweak field into the U(1) symmetry of the present-day electromagnetic field ...
Liquid - Thermodynamics - Phase Transitions
... Unlike the transition to gas, there is no equilibrium at this transition under constant pressure, so unless supercooling occurs, the liquid will eventually ... might reach an equilibrium where both phases coexist ... For the opposite transition from solid to liquid, see melting ...
Thermodynamic Temperature - The Relationship of Temperature, Motions, Conduction, and Heat Energy - The Diffusion of Heat Energy: Black-body Radiation - The Heat of Phase Changes
... motion is just one contributor to the total heat energy in a substance another is phase transitions, which are the potential energy of molecular bonds ... The heat energy required for a phase transition is called latent heat ... Almost everyone is familiar with the effects of phase transitions for instance, steam at 100 °C can cause severe burns much faster than the 100 °C air from a ...
Relational Order Theories - Related Areas of Current Interest - The Ubiquity of ‘power Law’ and Log Normal Distribution Manifestations in The Universe
... demonstrations of a variety of investigators that such power law distributions arise in phase transitions ... characterization “…if the system is forced to undergo a phase transition … then power laws emerge – nature’s unmistakable sign that chaos is departing in favor of order ... The theory of phase transitions told us loud and clear that the road from disorder to order is maintained by the powerful forces of self organization and ...

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