Pattani is a town (thesaban mueang) in the far south of Thailand, near the border to Malaysia. It is the capital of the Pattani Province. The city has a population of 43,631 (2005). It covers the whole tambon Sabarang, Anoru and Chabang Tiko of Mueang Pattani district.
The word Pattani is derived from "Petani" in Malay which means farmer.
The local dialect of Malay is called Patani Malay or Yawi in Thai (derived from Jawi).