Ostrich

Ostrich

The Ostrich, or Common Ostrich (Struthio camelus), is one or two species of large flightless birds native to Africa, the only living member(s) of the genus Struthio that is in the ratite family. Some analyses indicate that the Somali Ostrich may be better considered a full species apart from the Common Ostrich, but most taxonomists consider it to be a subspecies.

Ostriches share the order Struthioniformes with the kiwis, emus, rheas, and cassowaries. It is distinctive in its appearance, with a long neck and legs and the ability to run at maximum speeds of about 70 km/h (43 mph), the fastest land speed of any bird. The ostrich is the largest living species of bird and lays the largest egg of any living bird (extinct elephant birds of Madagascar and the giant moa of New Zealand did lay larger eggs).

The diet of ostriches mainly consists of plant matter, though it also eats invertebrates. It lives in nomadic groups which contain between five and fifty birds. When threatened, the ostrich will either hide itself by lying flat against the ground, or will run away. If cornered, it can attack with a kick from its powerful legs. Mating patterns differ by geographical region, but territorial males fight for a harem of two to seven females.

The ostrich is farmed around the world, particularly for its feathers, which are decorative and are also used as feather dusters. Its skin is used for leather products and its meat is marketed commercially.

Read more about Ostrich:  Description, Taxonomy, Distribution and Habitat

Other articles related to "ostrich":

Longford, Derbyshire - Amenities
... mainly of Longford C of E Primary School (on Main Street) and The Ostrich Inn (on Long Lane), which is around half a mile from the nominal village centre ... campsite and playing field adjacent to, and under the control of, The Ostrich Inn ... In early 2012, The Ostrich (as it is known locally) was taken over by new management and has since proceeded to provide a regular set of varied events, from motorcycle conventions, spiritualist evenings ...
Work of Diego Giacometti
... For example, L' Autruche (The Ostrich) owed its existence to the fact that his friend Dr ... Binet, not knowing what to do with an ostrich egg, gave it to Diego who integrated inside an ostrich that he dreamt up and sculpted ...
Somali Ostrich - Taxonomy and Systematics
... a geographic barrier to isolate the taxon from the nominate subspecies, the North African Ostrich S ... differences have kept it genetically distinct from the neighbouring Masai Ostrich S ... examination of the mitochondrial DNA of Struthio taxa, including the extinct Arabian Ostrich S ...
List Of Southern African Birds - Ostrich
... Ostrich is the only living species of its family, Struthionidae, and its genus, Struthio ... Common Ostrich Struthio camelus ...
Ostriches and Humans - Conservation
... The wild ostrich population has declined drastically in the last 200 years, with most surviving birds in reserves or on farms ... Of its 5 subspecies, the Middle Eastern Ostrich (S ... became extinct around 1966, and the North African Ostrich (S ...