Oriental Orthodoxy is the faith of those Eastern Christian Churches that recognize only the first three ecumenical councils — the First Council of Nicaea, the First Council of Constantinople and the First Council of Ephesus. They rejected the dogmatic definitions of the Council of Chalcedon held in 451 AD in Chalcedon. Hence, these Oriental Orthodox Churches are also called Old Oriental Churches, Miaphysite Churches, or the Non-Chalcedonian Churches, known to Western Christianity and much of Eastern Orthodoxy as Monophysite Churches (although the Oriental Orthodox themselves reject this description as inaccurate, having rejected teachings of both Nestorius and Eutyches). These churches are in full communion with each other but not with the Eastern Orthodox Churches. Slow dialogue towards restoring communion began in the mid-20th century.
Despite the potentially confusing nomenclature (Oriental meaning Eastern), Oriental Orthodox churches are distinct from those that are collectively referred to as the Eastern Orthodox Church. The Oriental Orthodox communion comprises six churches: Coptic Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox, Eritrean Orthodox, Syriac Orthodox, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church (Indian Orthodox Church) and Armenian Apostolic churches. These churches, while being in communion with one another, are hierarchically independent.
The Oriental Orthodox Churches and the rest of the Church split over differences in Christological terminology. The First Council of Nicaea (325) declared that Jesus Christ is God, that is to say, "consubstantial" with the Father; and the First Council of Ephesus (431) that Jesus, though divine as well as human, is only one being (hypostasis). Twenty years after Ephesus, the Council of Chalcedon declared that Jesus is one person in two complete natures, one human and one divine. Those who opposed Chalcedon likened its doctrine to the Nestorian heresy, condemned at Ephesus, that Christ was two distinct beings, one divine (the Logos) and one human (Jesus).
Other articles related to "oriental orthodoxy, oriental, orthodoxy":
... Assyrian Church of the East is sometimes incorrectly described as an Oriental Orthodox church, though its origins lie in disputes that predated the Council ... The Christology of the Oriental Orthodox churches in fact developed as a reaction to Nestorian Christology, which emphasizes the distinctness of the human and ... Pentecostal Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox Eastern Catholic Oriental Orthodox (Miaphysite) Assyrian Jehovah's Witness Latter Day Saint Oneness Pentecostal Christianity portal ...
... Oriental Orthodox Church British Orthodox Church Celtic Orthodox Church Pentecostal Assemblies of God Church of God in Christ Elim Pentecostal Church Foursquare Gospel ... represented as being divided into five main groupings Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, Protestantism and Restorationism ... not limited to, five major branches of Churches Catholicism, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican and Protestant some groupings include Anglicans amongst Protestants ...
... classification schemes list six (in order of size Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Eastern Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, Oriental Orthodoxy, and the Church of the East, which was originally referred to as ... with the dissenting churches becoming today's Oriental Orthodoxy ... as well as between representatives of both Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy.) ...
Famous quotes containing the word oriental:
“Europe has always owed to oriental genius its divine impulses. What these holy bards said, all sane men found agreeable and true.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)