Nepal

Nepal (नेपाल) (i/nɛˈpɔːl/ ne-PAWL Nepali: नेपाल ), officially the Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million (and 2 million absentee workers living abroad), Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country. It is located in the Himalayas and bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east, and west by the Republic of India. Specifically, the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim border Nepal, while across the Himalayas lies the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest metropolis.

Nepal has a rich geography. The mountainous north has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest, called Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains more than 240 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level. The fertile and humid south is heavily urbanized.

Hinduism is practised by about 81% of Nepalese - making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindu followers. Buddhism, though a minority faith in the country, is linked historically with Nepal.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms. However, a decade-long Civil War by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and several weeks of mass protests by all major political parties led to the 12 point agreement of 22 November 2005. The ensuing elections for the constituent assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolishment of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic.

Read more about Nepal:  History, Geography, Politics, Foreign Relations and Military, Economy, Crime and Law Enforcement, Demographics, Culture

Other articles related to "nepal":

Nepal - Culture
... During tihar, the Newar community also celebrates its New Year as per their local calendar Nepal Sambat ... Most houses in rural lowland of Nepal are made up of a tight bamboo framework and walls of a mud and cow-dung mix ... Nepal's flag is the only national flag in the world that is not rectangular in shape ...
Outline Of Nepal - Education in Nepal
... Education in Nepal Kathmandu University Pokhara University Tribhuvan University Purbanchal University Institute of Medicine, Nepal ...
Institute Of Medicine, Nepal - Optometry
... There are no independent optometry colleges in Nepal ... Association of Optometrists (NAO) is the regulating body of Optometrists in Nepal as there is no separate optometry-council yet ...
Outline Of Nepal - Economy and Infrastructure of Nepal - Companies of Nepal
... Companies of Nepal Nepal Derivative Exchange Limited Laxmi Bank Limited Himalayan Bank Limited Nabil Bank Nepal Bank Limited Nepal Investment Bank Limited Nepal Rastra Bank Nepal Stock Exchange ... COSELI See also Airlines of Nepal ...
Outline Of Nepal - Health in Nepal
... Health care in Nepal Institute of Medicine, Nepal CIWEC Travel medicine clinic, Kathmandu Manipal Teaching Hospital ...