Natural Philosophy

Natural philosophy or the philosophy of nature (from Latin philosophia naturalis) was the study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science. It is considered to be the precursor of natural sciences such as physics.

Forms of science historically developed out of philosophy or, more specifically, natural philosophy. At older universities, long-established Chairs of Natural Philosophy are nowadays occupied mainly by physics professors. Modern notions of science and scientists date only to the 19th century. The naturalist-theologian William Whewell was the one who coined the term "scientist". The Oxford English Dictionary dates the origin of the word to 1834. Before then, the word "science" simply meant knowledge and the label of scientist did not exist. Some examples of the term's usage are Isaac Newton's 1687 scientific treatise is known as The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy and Lord Kelvin and Peter Guthrie Tait's 1867 treatise called Treatise on Natural Philosophy which helped define much of modern physics.

Read more about Natural Philosophy:  Origin and Evolution of The Term, Scope of Natural Philosophy, Branches and Subject Matter of Natural Philosophy, History of Natural Philosophy, Current Work in Natural Philosophy

Other articles related to "natural philosophy, philosophy, natural":

Current Work in Natural Philosophy
... the narrow, positivist approach that relies implicitly on a hidden, unexamined philosophy ... thinkers who can arguably be classed as generally adopting this open approach to the natural world ...
Thomas Jefferson And Education - Views On Structuring Content
... knowledge, modern languages and chiefly French, Spanish, and Italian Mathematics, Natural philosophy, Natural history, Civil history, and Ethics ... In Natural philosophy, I mean to include Chemistry and Agriculture, and in Natural history, to include Botany, as well as the other branches of those ... handmaids the most respectable sciences, such as Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, Mechanics, Mathematics generally, Natural History, Botany ...
Science In The Age Of Enlightenment - Universities
... The study of science under the heading of natural philosophy was divided into physics and a conglomerate grouping of chemistry and natural history, which included anatomy, biology, geology ... taught a Cartesian form of mechanical philosophy in the early 18th century, and only slowly adopted Newtonianism in the mid-18th century ... the influence of Catholicism focused almost entirely on Aristotelian natural philosophy until the mid-18th century they were among the last universities to do so ...
Cosmology In Medieval Islam - Cosmology in The Medieval Islamic World - Astronomical Physics and Earth's Motion
... on the basis of Aristotelian cosmology and natural philosophy ... By the 15th century, the influence of Aristotelian physics and natural philosophy was declining due to religious opposition from Islamic theologians such as Al-Ghazali who opposed to the interference of ... Under this influence, Qushji, in his Concerning the Supposed Dependence of Astronomy upon Philosophy, rejected Aristotelian physics and completely separated natural philosophy from ...
Pythagoreanism - Natural Philosophy
... Pythagoras wrote nothing down, and relying on the writings of Parmenides, Empedocles, Philolaus and Plato (people either considered Pythagoreans, or whose works are thought deeply indebted to Pythagoreanism) results in a very diverse picture in which it is difficult to ascertain what the common unifying Pythagorean themes were ... Relying on Philolaus, whom most scholars agree is highly representative of the Pythagorean school, one has a very intricate picture ...

Famous quotes containing the words philosophy and/or natural:

    Like speaks to like only; labor to labor, philosophy to philosophy, criticism to criticism, poetry to poetry. Literature speaks how much still to the past, how little to the future, how much to the East, how little to the West.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    Let us not underrate the value of a fact; it will one day flower in a truth. It is astonishing how few facts of importance are added in a century to the natural history of any animal. The natural history of man himself is still being gradually written.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)