The Cumberland Road (National Road) was the first major improved highway in the United States to be built by the federal government. The approximately 620-mile (1,000 km) long National Road provided a connection between the Potomac and Ohio Rivers and a gateway to the West for thousands of settlers. When rebuilt in the 1830s, the Cumberland Road became the first road in the U.S. to use the new macadam road surfacing.
Construction began heading west in 1811 at Cumberland, Maryland, on the Potomac River. It crossed the Allegheny Mountains and southwestern Pennsylvania, reaching Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia), on the Ohio River in 1818. Plans were made to continue through St. Louis, at confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, and to Jefferson City upstream on the Missouri. Following the panic of 1837, however, funding ran dry and construction was stopped at Vandalia, Illinois, after crossing the states of Ohio and Indiana.
Beyond the National Road's eastern terminus at Cumberland and toward the Atlantic coast, a series of private turnpikes were completed in 1824, connecting the National Road (Pike) with Baltimore, Maryland and its port on Chesapeake Bay; these feeder routes formed what is referred to as an eastern extension of the National Road. In 1835, the road east of Wheeling was turned over to the states for operation as a turnpike. The road's route between Baltimore and Cumberland continues to use the name National Pike or Baltimore National Pike today, with various portions now signed as U.S. Route 40, Alternate U.S. 40, or Maryland 144. A spur between Frederick, Maryland, and Georgetown in Washington, D.C., now Maryland Route 355, bears various local names but is sometimes referred to as the Washington National Pike; it is now paralleled by Interstate 270 between the Capital Beltway (I-495) and Frederick.
Today, much of the alignment is followed by U.S. 40, with various portions bearing the Alternate U.S. 40 designation, or various state-road numbers. The full road, including extensions east to Baltimore and west to St. Louis, was designated "The Historic National Road, an All-American Road" in 2002.
Other articles related to "national road, road, national, roads":
1828, the single-arch stone bridge on Bridgewater Road carried the National Road and is one of four S bridges in Guernsey County, Ohio ...
... The following structures associated with the National Road are listed on the National Register of Historic Places Several milestones in Maryland on former Maryland Route 144 and. 40 Inns on the National Road in Cumberland, Maryland, and Grantsville, Maryland Casselman River Bridge near Grantsville, Maryland Petersburg Tollhouse in Addison, Pennsylvania Searights ... Still in use, the bridge is also a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark ...
... In the Republic of Ireland, motorway and national road numbering is quite different from the UK convention ... Since the passage of the Roads Act 1993, all motorways are part of, or form, national primary roads ... they form part, with an M prefix rather than N for national road (or in theory, rather than R for regional road) ...
... The 2000-2006 National Development Plan (NDP) set new objectives for the development and improvement of Ireland's national road network ... The development plan set out to achieve the following national road improvements development of five major inter-urban routes (Dublin to the border, Dublin to Galway, Dublin to Cork, Dublin to Limerick, Dublin ... Major improvements have been made to other national primary routes, notably the N11 (Dublin-Wexford) and N18/N19 (Limerick-Shannon-Galway) routes ...
1st Nordic Cross-country Mountain bike Racing Champion 2005 1st U-23 National Road Racing Champion 2006 1st National Road Racing Champion 1st Birkebeinerrittet ...
Famous quotes containing the words road and/or national:
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—Bob Dylan [Robert Allen Zimmerman] (b. 1941)
“The cultivation of one set of faculties tends to the disuse of others. The loss of one faculty sharpens others; the blind are sensitive in touch. Has not the extreme cultivation of the commercial faculty permitted others as essential to national life, to be blighted by disease?”
—J. Ellen Foster (18401910)