A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a country to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country. Unlike public libraries, these rarely allow citizens to borrow books. Often, they include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works.
There are wider definitions of a national library, putting less emphasis to the repository character.
National libraries are usually notable for their size, compared to that of other libraries in the same country. Some states which are not independent, but who wish to preserve their particular culture, have established a national library with all the attributes of such institutions, such as legal deposit.
Many national libraries cooperate within the National Libraries Section of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to discuss their common tasks, define and promote common standards and carry out projects helping them to fulfil their duties. National libraries of Europe participate in The European Library. This is a service of The Conference of European National Librarians (CENL).
The first national libraries had their origins in the royal collections of the sovereign or some other supreme body of the state.
One of the first plans for a national library was that devised by the Welsh mathematician John Dee, who in 1556 presented Mary I of England with a visionary plan for the preservation of old books, manuscripts and records and the founding of a national library, but his proposal was not taken up.
Other articles related to "national library, library, national":
... The National Library and Documentation Services Board (NLDSB) was established under the act No. 51 of 1998 succeeding the Sri Lanka National Library Services Board which was established in 1970 ... National Library of Sri Lanka ...
... The Aceh Provincial Library (BPD) was inundated with three meters of water ... Twenty three staff members were killed, including the library's director, Bachtiar Azis, who is listed as missing along with his family ... All library materials housed on the first floor were swept away by the waves and the floor was covered in 30 cm.-thick mud ...
... The National Library (Spanish Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) is the largest library in Argentina and one of the most important in the ... Originally named the Public Library of Buenos Aires and founded in September 1810 by decree of the first Government Junta of the May Revolution first Government Junta, it later ...
... The Drama Centre is owned and managed by the National Arts Council ... The National Library also supports the visual arts scene in Singapore it has purchased several paintings by local artists, and these are hung on the walls of both libraries in the building ...
... hours were largely spent in the acquisition of a large private library, and in 1898, influenced by the palaeographer John Gwenogvryn Evans, he acquired the Peniarth collection of manuscripts ... These were donated to the new National Library of Wales when it was built at Aberystwyth ... In 1907 he was appointed the first President of the National Library, and two years later he came to live at Aberystwyth ...
Famous quotes containing the words library and/or national:
“It is the interest one takes in books that makes a library. And if a library have interest it is; if not, it isnt.”
—Carolyn Wells (18621942)
“You cannot become thorough Americans if you think of yourselves in groups. America does not consist of groups. A man who thinks of himself as belonging to a particular national group in America has not yet become an American.”
—Woodrow Wilson (18561924)