National Language

A national language is a language (or language variant, i.e. dialect) which has some connection—de facto or de jure—with a people and perhaps by extension the territory they occupy. The term is used variously. A national language may for instance represent the national identity of a nation or country. National language may alternatively be a designation given to one or more languages spoken as first languages in the territory of a country.

C.M.B. bann, with particular reference to Africa, suggests that there are "four quite distinctive meanings" for national language in a polity:

  • "Territorial language" (chthonolect, sometimes known as chtonolect) of a particular people
  • "Regional language" (choralect)
  • "Language-in-common or community language" (demolect) used throughout a country
  • "Central language" (politolect) used by government and perhaps having a symbolic value.

The last seems often to be given the title "official language."

Standard languages, such as Standard German, Standard French, and Standard Spanish, may serve as national (language-in-common), regional, and international languages.

Read more about National LanguageOfficial Versus National Languages

Other articles related to "national language, language, languages, national":

Facto - Examples - National Languages
... Several countries with a de facto national language, including Australia, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, have no de jure official national language ... Some countries have a de facto national language in addition to an official language ... The official language of Ireland is Irish, English is considered to be the de facto language ...
Madras Anti-Hindi Agitation Of 1965 - Background - Official Languages and The Indian Constitution
... The Constituent Assembly witnessed fierce debates on the language issue ... The adoption of a "National Language", the language in which the constitution was to be written in and the language in which the proceedings of the assembly were to be ... of pro-Hindi amendments and argued for adopting Hindi as the sole National Language ...
List Of Languages In The Eurovision Song Contest - Rule Changes
... until 1965, there was no rule restricting the language(s) in which the songs could be sung ... rule was imposed that a song must be performed in one of the official languages of the country participating. 1973 to 1976 inclusive, participants were allowed to enter songs in any language ...
Multiculti - Multiculturalism in Different Countries - Philippines
... concerns regarding the promulgation of the national language, Filipino ... Amidst Filipino being heralded as the national language of the Philippines according to the 1987 National Constitution, many groups specifically from Cebuano-speaking regions resisted ... institution, Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, as a different language that unites all peoples of the Philippines because of the significant difference in lexicon from its Tagalog base ...
National Language - National and Official Languages - Vietnam
... In Vietnam, the Vietnamese language is the national language. ...

Famous quotes containing the words language and/or national:

    A language does not become fixed. The human intellect is always on the march, or, if you prefer, in movement, and languages with it.
    Victor Hugo (1802–1885)

    Not one of our national officers ever has had a dollar of salary. I retire on full pay!
    Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906)