Minamoto (源?) was one of the surnames bestowed by the Emperors of Japan upon members of the imperial family who were demoted into the ranks of the nobility. The practice was most prevalent during the Heian Period (794–1185 AD), although its last occurrence was during the Sengoku Era. The Taira were another such offshoot of the imperial dynasty. The Minamoto clan is also called the Genji (源氏?), using the Sino–Japanese pronunciation of the Chinese characters for Minamoto (gen) and family (ji).
The Minamoto were one of four great clans that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian period — the other three were the Fujiwara, the Taira, and the Tachibana.
Other articles related to "clan, minamoto clan":
... the hands of powerful aristocratic families (kuge), especially the Fujiwara clan, who ruled under the titles Sesshō and Kampaku (imperial regents) ... The Fujiwara clan obtained almost complete control over the imperial family ... "the Fujiwara Period." The Fujiwara clan gained this ascendancy because of their matrimonial links with the imperial family ...
... During the Genpei War (1180–1185), the Minamoto clan fought under a white flag while the Taira clan fought under a red flag ... As successive shogunates were from Minamoto clan, this usage continued to the end of Tokugawa shogunate in 1868 when the current international usage was adopted ...
Famous quotes containing the word clan:
“It has now become the doctrine of a large clan of politicians that political honesty is unnecessary, slow, subversive of a mans interests, and incompatible with quick onward movement.”
—Anthony Trollope (18151882)