In countries whose ranking systems are based upon the models of the British Armed Forces, officers from the rank of Second Lieutenant (Army), Sub-Lieutenant (Navy) or Pilot Officer (Air Force) to the rank of General (Army), Admiral (Navy) or Air Chief Marshal (Air Force) are holders of a commission granted to them by the awarding authority. In Britain and other Commonwealth realms, the awarding authority is the monarch (or a Governor General representing the monarch) as head of state. The head of state often is granted the power to award commissions, or has commissions awarded in his or her name.
In Commonwealth nations, Commissioned Officers are given commissioning scrolls (also known as commissioning scripts) signed by the Sovereign or the Governor General acting on the monarch's behalf. Upon receipt, this is an official legal document that binds the mentioned officer to the commitment stated on the scroll.
Non-commissioned members rise from the lowest ranks in most nations. Education standards for non-commissioned members are typically lower than for officers (with the exception of specialised-military and highly-technical trades). Enlisted members only receive leadership training as they are promoted to positions of responsibility, or as a prerequisite for such. In the past (and in some countries today but to a lesser extent) non-commissioned members were almost exclusively conscripts, whereas officers were volunteers.
Other articles related to "commonwealth":
... Commonwealth forces numbering about 6,500–6,800 men(of which about 5,500, or about 80 percent were the famous "winged" hussars) under Hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski faced a numerically superior force of about 30,0 ... in combat (remained in camp, reserve or was delayed), the numbers were 12,300 Commonwealth soldiers against 48,000 soldiers under Russian command ... The Commonwealth army was supported by two cannons (some sources say four), and the Tsardom of Russia by 11 ...
... Meanwhile, the Commonwealth forces were exhausted and more interested in looting the camp and (according to Podhorecki) did not attempt to stop the Russians ... Commonwealth took much loot and trophies, from luxury goods (gold, silver, furs) to military equipment (including all 11 Russian artillery pieces) to ... then proclaimed the Polish prince of the Commonwealth Władysław IV Waza as the new Tsar of Russia ...
... The Commonwealth Secretariat is the main intergovernmental agency and central institution of the Commonwealth of Nations ... cooperation between members organising meetings, including the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings (CHOGM) assisting and advising on policy development and providing ... the United Kingdom, a former royal palace that was given by Queen Elizabeth II, Head of the Commonwealth ...
... Commonwealth of England Oliver Cromwell ... Oliver, by the grace of God, of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, etc ... Richard, by the grace of God, of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, etc ...
... There were 170 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older ...
Famous quotes containing the word commonwealth:
“This little world, this little state, this little commonwealth of our own....”
—Woodrow Wilson (18561924)
“We must conceive of this whole universe as one commonwealth of which both gods and men are members.”
—Marcus Tullius Cicero (10643 B.C.)
“The commonwealth of Athens is become a forest of beasts.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)