Michilimackinac

Michilimackinac is a name for the region around the Straits of Mackinac between Lake Huron and Lake Michigan. Early settlers of North America applied the term to the entire region along Lakes Huron, Michigan, and Superior. Today it is mostly within the boundaries of Michigan, in the United States. Michilimackinac was the original name for present day Mackinac County.

The Native American nations of the Ojibwa (or Chippewa), along with Ottawa, inhabited the area at the time of European contact. The French were the first Europeans to explore there, beginning in 1612, and they established trading posts and missions.

One of the oldest, named St. Ignace (St. Ignatius), was located on the north side of the strait at Point Iroquois, near present-day St. Ignace, Michigan. This mission was established in 1671 by the Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette. The village around the mission became known as "Mackinac" or "Michilimackinac". Later it was called "Old Michilimackinac" or "Ancient Fort Mackinac".

The French later established a fort and settlement on the south side of the strait. It was called Fort Michilimackinac. The fort became a major trading post, attracting Native Americans from throughout the northern Great Lakes. After Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War (French and Indian War), their colonial forces took over the fort and territory. Fort Michilimackinac fell to an Ojibwa attack during the Native American uprising of 1763, sometimes called Pontiac's War, but was reoccupied by the British in September 1764. In 1780, during the American Revolution, British commandant Patrick Sinclair moved the British trading and military post to Mackinac Island, and Fort Michilimackinac was abandoned.

Today, Fort Michilimackinac is a tourist site. Re-enactors portray historic activities of the French and English. An archeological dig at the site is open for viewing.

Other articles related to "michilimackinac":

Fort St. Joseph (Ontario) - History
... and the newly formed United States was awarded Michilimackinac, a trading post on Mackinac Island where Lakes Huron and Michigan connect ... The strategic position of Michilimackinac gave the Americans sound control of the upper Great Lakes ... had hoped to compete with and possibly replace Michilimackinac as the hub of the fur trade in the region while keeping Aboriginal allegiance ...
Historical Relations Between The Anishinaabeg and European Settlers - In British North America
... Potawatomi did not develop until after the Anishinaabeg reached Michilimackinac on their journey westward from the Atlantic coast ... of the Council of Three Fires to 796 AD at Michilimackinac ... Though the Three Fires had several meeting places, they preferred Michilimackinac due to its central location ...
Fort Michilimackinac State Park - Colonial Michilimackinac
... Colonial Michilimackinac is a reconstructed 1715 French fur trading village and military outpost that was later occupied by British military and traders ... A National Historic Landmark, Colonial Michilimackinac is accredited by American Association of Museums ...
Alexander Henry The Elder - Michilimackinac and The Ojibwa Indians
... When he arrived among the Ojibwe at Michilimackinac, Henry found himself surrounded by sixty of their warriors, "each with his tomahawk in one hand, and scalping knife in the other." The imposingly ... However, when they returned to Michilimackinac, Chief Pontiac had already invoked his Indian uprising against British posts in the North West, and the Ojibwa warriors famously attacked Fort ... They returned to Michilimackinac in the spring of 1764 to trade their furs, but some of the Ojibwas from Saginaw Bay plotted to kill Henry and Wawatam permitted him to go to ...