Mask - Punitive

Punitive

Masks are sometimes used to punish the wearer either by signalling their humiliation or causing direct suffering:

  • A "shameful" mask (Schandmaske in German) is devised for public humiliation; a popular reduced form are donkey ears for a bad pupil or student
  • Particularly uncomfortable types, such as an iron mask, for example the Scold's bridle, are fit as devices for torture or corporal punishment
  • Masks were used to alienate and silence prisoners in Australian jails in the late 19th century. They were made of white cloth and covered the face, leaving only the eyes visible.
  • Use of masks is also common in BDSM practices.

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Other articles related to "punitive":

Exxon Shipping Co. V. Baker
... The Court ruled in a 5-3 decision that the punitive damages awarded to the victims of the Exxon Valdez oil spill should be reduced from US$2.5 billion to US$500 million ... (Second) of Torts Section 909(c) approach to punitive damages ... After considering the punitive damage policies of foreign nations, the Court reasoned that although punitive damages were warranted, they may not exceed what Exxon already paid to compensate ...
State Farm V. Campbell - Dissents
... provide no protection against "excessive" punitive damage awards ... her view that the Supreme Court "has no warrant to reform state law governing awards of punitive damages..." She wrote that punitive damage caps should be set in place by legislatures ...
Punitive Damages - National Applications - Australia
... In Australia, punitive damages are not available for breach of contract, but are possible for tort cases ... The New South Wales Court of Appeal held that punitive damages are not available both for breach of contract and breach of fiduciary duty ... as he then was) said there is no power to give punitive damages in respect of a claim in equity, although he was content to decide the case on the narrower ground that there is no power to award punitive ...

Famous quotes containing the word punitive:

    America is a nation fundamentally ambivalent about its children, often afraid of its children, and frequently punitive toward its children.
    Letty Cottin Pogrebin (20th century)