Mantled Howler

The mantled howler (Alouatta palliata), or golden-mantled howling monkey, is a species of howler monkey, a type of New World monkey, from Central and South America. It is one of the monkey species most often seen and heard in the wild in Central America. It takes its "mantled" name from the long guard hairs on its sides.

The mantled howler is one of the largest Central American monkeys, and males can weigh up to 9.8 kg (22 lb). It is the only Central American monkey that eats large quantities of leaves; it has several adaptations to this folivorous diet. Since leaves are difficult to digest and provide less energy than most foods, mantled howlers spend the majority of each day resting and sleeping. Male mantled howlers also have an enlarged hyoid bone, which is a hollow bone near the vocal cords. This enlarged bone amplifies the calls made by the male, which give the monkey its common name of "howler". Howling allows the monkeys to locate each other without expending energy on moving or risking physical confrontation.

The mantled howler lives in groups that can have over 40 members, although groups are usually smaller. Most mantled howlers of both sexes are evicted from the group they were born in upon reaching sexual maturity, resulting in most adult group members being unrelated. The most dominant male, the alpha male, gets preference for food and resting places, and mates with most of the receptive females. The mantled howler is important to the rainforest ecology as a seed disperser and germinator. Although it is impacted by deforestation, it is able to adapt better than other species, due to its ability to feed on abundant leaves and its ability to live in a limited amount of space.

Read more about Mantled HowlerTaxonomy, Physical Description, Reproduction, Distribution and Habitat, Conservation Status

Other articles related to "mantled howler, howler":

Ecuadorian Mantled Howler
... The Ecuadorian mantled howler (Alouatta palliata aequatorialis) is a subspecies of the mantled howler, A ... The range limits between the Ecuadorian mantled howler and the golden-mantled howler are not entirely clear ... The Ecuadorian mantled howler replaces the Golden-mantled howler in either extreme eastern Costa Rica or western Panama ...
Mantled Howler - Reproduction
... The mantled howler uses a polygamous mating system in which one male mates with multiple females ... The mantled howler differs from other howler monkey species in that the males' testes do not descend until they reach sexual maturity ... As a result, only about 30% of mantled howler infants live more than one year ...
Mantled Howler - Conservation Status
... The mantled howler is regarded as "least concern" from a conservation standpoint by the IUCN ... However, the mantled howler can adapt to forest fragmentation better than other species due to its low energy lifestyle, small home ranges and ability to ... The mantled howler is important to its ecosystems for a number of reasons, but especially in its capacity as a seed disperser and germinator, since passing through the ...
List Of Central American Monkey Species
... An eighth species, the Coiba Island howler (Alouatta coibensis) is often recognized, but some authoritiess treat it as a subspecies of the mantled howler, (A ... Five species belong to the family Atelidae, which includes the howler monkeys, spider monkeys, woolly monkeys and muriquis ... that have a widespread distribution throughout Central America are the mantled howler, which is found in five Central American countries, and the white-headed capuchin (Cebus capucinus ...