Madame Royale (, Royal Lady) was a style customarily used for the eldest living unmarried daughter of a reigning French monarch.
It was similar to the style Monsieur, which was typically used by the King's second son. Just as Gaston, duc d'Orléans (1608–1660), the second son of King Henry IV of France (1553–1610), was known as Monsieur, Princess Elisabeth (1602–1644), the eldest daughter of Henry, was known before her marriage to King Philip IV of Spain (1605–1665) as Madame Royale. After her death, the title was borne by her younger sister, Princess Christine (1606–1663), who was married to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (1587–1637).
The most famous holder of this honorific was King Louis XVI of France's eldest daughter, Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte (1778–1851), the only one of his immediate family to survive the French Revolution. She later married her cousin, Louis-Antoine, duc d'Angoulême (1775–1844), and played a prominent role during the Bourbon Restoration.
The style Madame Royale was not regulated by any other code than that of etiquette. Its very simplicity, however, was considered more desirable than being known more formally as Son Altesse Royale ("Your Royal Highness") in conversation.
The style was customarily held until the death of the royal parent or until the princess married.
The equivalent style in Great Britain is Princess Royal. This title came into existence when Queen Henrietta Maria (1609–1669), another daughter of King Henry IV of France, and the wife of King Charles I of England (1600–1649), wanted to imitate in the Kingdom of England the way in which the eldest daughter of the sovereign in France was styled Madame Royale.
In Savoy, Henrietta Maria's older sister, Christine Marie, became known as Madama Reale in reference to her French manner of address. Her daughter-in-law, Marie Jeanne of Savoy, when she became regent of Savoy after the early death of her husband, called herself Madama Reale, after her mother-in-law, who had also been a regent of Savoy. This was despite the fact that Marie Jeanne's father was not a king.
Other articles related to "madame royale, royale":
... for Turin, with letters of introduction to "Madame Royale", Regent of Savoy ... adolescent boys, "pages", to whom he would teach the theorbo and singing.) Madame Royale apparently was less than enchanted, and by December 1651 d'Assoucy ... Once again d'Assoucy's bid to join the musicians of Madame Royale failed, probably because the elderly and pious Duchess was repelled by his equivocal verse and his maladroit conduct ...
... transferred the remains of his parents, his wife and their six children to the Chapelle royale de Dreux ... d'Orléans, the new chapel was named Chapelle royale de Dreux after her son, Louis Philippe I became King of the French in 1830 ... Princess Marie-Therèse of France, Madame Royale 2 January 1 ... March 1672 Fille de France ...
... In 2000, the sequel Madame Royale was published, as well as the second edition of Trianon, by The Neumann Press ... Madame Royale chronicles the life of Marie-Antoinette's daughter, Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte ... the third edition of Trianon and the second edition of Madame Royale were released ...
Famous quotes containing the word madame:
“And since the average lifetimethe relative longevityis far greater for memories of poetic sensations than for those of heartbreaks, since the very long time that the grief I felt then because of Gilbert, it has been outlived by the pleasure I feel, whenever I wish to read, as in a sort of sundial, the minutes between twelve fifteen and one oclock, in the month of May, upon remembering myself chatting ... with Madame Swann under the reflection of a cradle of wisteria.”
—Marcel Proust (18711922)