Maat

Maat or ma'at (thought to have been pronounced *), also spelled māt or mayet, was the ancient Egyptian concept of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice. Maat was also personified as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation. Her (ideological) counterpart was Isfet.

The earliest surviving records indicating Maat is the norm for nature and society, in this world and the next, were recorded during the Old Kingdom, the earliest substantial surviving examples being found in the pyramid texts of Unas (ca. 2375 BCE and 2345 BCE).

Later, as a goddess in other traditions of the Egyptian pantheon, where most goddesses were paired with a male aspect, her masculine counterpart was Thoth and their attributes are the same. After the rise of Ra they were depicted together in the Solar Barque.

After her role in creation and continuously preventing the universe from returning to chaos, her primary role in Egyptian mythology dealt with the weighing of souls that took place in the underworld, Duat. Her feather was the measure that determined whether the souls (considered to reside in the heart) of the departed would reach the paradise of afterlife successfully.

Pharaohs are often depicted with the emblems of Maat to emphasise their role in upholding the laws of the Creator.

Read more about MaatMaat As A Principle, Maat As A Goddess, Temples of Maat, Maat Themes Found in The Book of The Dead and On Tomb Inscriptions, Assessors of Maat

Other articles related to "maat":

Shuti Hieroglyph (two-feather Adornment) - Shuti, 20 Spellings
... the Shu-feather, often twice, the feather being the representation, and feather of Maat ... Maat as a representative of truth, wisdom, justice, order, etc ... Preceded by Shu-feather (=Maat-(Maat's feather)) shu-(šw) Shuti (two-feather adornment) (shwti-shuti) Succeeded by official-seated sheps-(šps) (ideogram-det.) Great Hypostyle ...
Maat Mons - Activity
... for comparatively recent volcanic activity at Maat Mons, in the form of ash flows near the summit and on the northern flank ... volcanic gases into the atmosphere by plinian eruptions at Maat Mons ... active, present-day eruptions at Maat Mons have not been confirmed ...
Assessors of Maat
... "The Assessors of Maat" are the 42 deities listed in the Papyrus of Nebseni, to whom the deceased make the Negative Confession in the Papyrus of Ani ...
Egyptian Mythology - Cosmology - Maat
... The Egyptian word maat refers to the fundamental order of the universe in Egyptian belief ... Established at the creation of the world, maat distinguishes the world from the chaos that preceded and surrounds it ... Maat encompasses both the proper behavior of humans and the normal functioning of the forces of nature, both of which make life and happiness possible ...
Maat (disambiguation)
... Ma'at or Maat is an Egyptian goddess and concept ... Maat may also refer to Maat, Hum TV drama serial Maat (military), naval rank of the German Navy, Kriegsmarine, and Kaiserliche Marine Maat Kheru, the true intonation with ...