Lumbar Puncture

A lumbar puncture (or LP, and colloquially known as a spinal tap) is a diagnostic and at times therapeutic procedure that is performed in order to collect a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for biochemical, microbiological, and cytological analysis, or very rarely as a treatment ("therapeutic lumbar puncture") to relieve increased intracranial pressure.

Read more about Lumbar PunctureIndications, Contraindications, Procedure, Risks, Diagnostics, History

Other articles related to "lumbar puncture, lumbar punctures":

Meningitis - Diagnosis - Lumbar Puncture
... A lumbar puncture is done by positioning the person, usually lying on the side, applying local anesthetic, and inserting a needle into the dural sac (a sac around the spinal cord) to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
Cerebrospinal Fluid - Lumbar Puncture
... Lumbar puncture can also be performed to measure the intracranial pressure, which might be increased in certain types of hydrocephalus ... However a lumbar puncture should never be performed if increased intracranial pressure is suspected because it can lead to brain herniation and ultimately death ...
Meningitis - Diagnosis - Blood Tests and Imaging
... or ruling out meningitis is analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid through lumbar puncture (LP, spinal tap) ... However, lumbar puncture is contraindicated if there is a mass in the brain (tumor or abscess) or the intracranial pressure (ICP) is elevated, as it may lead to brain herniation ... a CT or MRI scan is recommended prior to the lumbar puncture ...
Lumbar Puncture - Diagnostics
... Lumbar puncture for the purpose of reducing pressure is performed in some patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (also called pseudotumor cerebri.) The presence of white blood cells in ... can also indicate reaction to repeated lumbar punctures, reactions to prior injections of medicines or dyes, central nervous system hemorrhage, leukemia, recent epileptic seizure ... observed, signifies haemorrhage into the CSF that preceded the lumbar puncture ...
Lumbar Puncture - History
... The technique for needle lumbar puncture was then introduced by the German physician Heinrich Quincke, who credits Wynter with the earlier discovery he first reported his experiences at an internal medicine conference ... The lumbar puncture procedure was taken to the United States by Arthur H ...

Famous quotes containing the word puncture:

    And no one, it seemed, had had the presence of mind
    To initiate proceedings or stop the wheel
    From the number it was backing away from as it stopped:
    It was performing prettily; the puncture stayed unseen....
    John Ashbery (b. 1927)