Lucifer ( /ˈluːsɪfər/ or /ˈljuːsɪfər/) is the King James Version rendering of the Hebrew word הֵילֵל in Isaiah 14:12. This word, transliterated hêlēl or heylel, occurs only once in the Hebrew Bible and according to the KJV-influenced Strong's Concordance means "shining one, morning star, Lucifer". The word Lucifer is taken from the Latin Vulgate, which translates הֵילֵל as lucifer, meaning "the morning star, the planet Venus" (or, as an adjective, "light-bringing"). The Septuagint renders הֵילֵל in Greek as ἑωσφόρος (heōsphoros), a name, literally "bringer of dawn", for the morning star. Kaufmann Kohler says that the Greek Septuagint translation is "Phosphoros".
Before the rise of Christianity, the pseudepigrapha of Enochic Judaism, which enjoyed much popularity during the Second Temple period, gave Satan an expanded role. They interpreted Isaiah 14:12-15 as applicable to Satan, and presented him as a fallen angel cast out of Heaven. Christian tradition, influenced by this presentation, came to use the Latin word for "morning star", lucifer, as a proper name ("Lucifer") for Satan as he was before his fall. As a result, "Lucifer has become a by-word for Satan in the Church and in popular literature", as in Dante Alighieri's Inferno and John Milton's Paradise Lost.
Other articles related to "lucifer":
... Lucifer yellow is a fluorescent dye used in cell biology ... The key property of Lucifer yellow is that it can readily visualized in both living and fixed cells using a fluorescence microscope ... Lucifer yellow was engineered by Walter W ...
... John Glover portrayed the fallen angel Lucifer in the short-lived series Brimstone ... Fallen, the ABC Family trilogy, shows Lucifer as a major character and antagonist, depicted as the father of the protagonist ... Supernatural has Lucifer stated to be the god of the demons in the season 3 episode "Sin City" ...
... Lucifer Rising is an expanded EP released by the Swedish doom metal band Candlemass in 2008, on the label Nuclear Blast ... Candlemass recorded two new tracks, "Lucifer Rising" and "White God," and re-recorded "Demons Gate" for this release ... The title track, "Lucifer Rising", is included as a bonus song on the digipak edition of the full-length album Death Magic Doom, which was released ...
... drum programming on 5,11,17 Curt Cress - drums on 2,3,4,7,8,10 Udo Dahmen - drums on 6,13,14,15 Lucifer's Friend John Lawton Peter Hesslein Peter Hecht Dieter Horns Joachim Rietenback ...
... Lucifer, by Alessandro Vellutello (1534), for Dante's Inferno, canto 34 Lucifer, by William Blake, for Dante's Inferno, canto 34 cover of 1887 edition of Mario Rapisardi ...
Famous quotes containing the word lucifer:
“Of all the inhabitants of the inferno, none but Lucifer knows that hell is hell, and the secret function of purgatory is to make of heaven an effective reality.”
—Arnold Bennett (18671931)
“Now the runaways would run no more and never
again would their hair be tangled into diamonds,
never again their shoes worn down to a laugh,
never the bed falling down into purgatory
to let them climb in after
with their Lucifer kicking.”
—Anne Sexton (19281974)