Lobbying

Lobbying (also lobby) is the act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in the government, most often legislators or members of regulatory agencies. Lobbying is done by many different types of people and organized groups, including individuals in the private sector, corporations, fellow legislators or government officials, or advocacy groups (interest groups). Lobbyists may be among a legislator's constituents, meaning a voter or bloc of voters within his or her electoral district, or not; they may engage in lobbying as a business, or not. Professional lobbyists are people whose business is trying to influence legislation on behalf of a group or individual who hires them. Individuals and nonprofit organizations can also lobby as an act of volunteering or as a small part of their normal job (for instance, a CEO meeting with a representative about a project important to his/her company, or an activist meeting with his/her legislator in an unpaid capacity). Governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying that has become influential.

The ethics and morality of lobbying are dual-edged. Lobbying is often spoken of with contempt, when the implication is that people with inordinate socioeconomic power are corrupting the law (twisting it away from fairness) in order to serve their own conflict of interest. But another side of lobbying is making sure that others' interests are duly defended against others' corruption, or even simply making sure that minority interests are fairly defended against mere tyranny of the majority. For example, a medical association, or a trade association of health insurance companies, may lobby a legislature in order to counteract the influence of tobacco companies, in which case the lobbying would be viewed by most people as justified (duly defending against others' corruption). The difficulty in drawing objective lines between which lobbyists are "good lobbyists" and which ones are "bad ones" is compounded by the cleverness with which lobbyists or their clients can speciously argue that their own lobbying is of the "good" kind. At heart, the effort to influence legislation is a power struggle. As in other forms of power struggle, such as war or law enforcement, motives range from predation to self-defense to fighting for justice, and the dividing line between predation and justice is subject to rationalization.

Read more about LobbyingEtymology, Overview

Other articles related to "lobbying":

Lobbying In The United Kingdom - Summary
... The professional lobbying industry has been rapidly growing since the mid-1990s and in 2007 was estimated to be worth £1.9 billion, employing 14,000 people ... been various complaints by MPs about unacceptable lobbying and several police investigations ... Current levels of lobbying are causing concern as is the 'revolving door' which allow individuals to move rapidly between legislative and commercial roles in the same sectors creating potential ...
Lobbying In The United Kingdom - Proposed Regulation of Lobbying
... Administration Select Committee published a report 'Lobbying Access and Influence in Whitehall' which noted The practice of lobbying in order to influence political decisions is a legitimate and necessary ... access to the knowledge and views that lobbying can bring ... where many former Members and Ministers now working for lobbying firms in particular for the nuclear sector ...
List Of John Mc Cain Presidential Campaign Staff Members, 2008 - Former Members
... payroll as its fund-raising coordinator" The Loeffler Group is a lobbying firm that has "received $990,000 in lobbying fees and another $3,000 in expenses from the Saudi government" ... the regional campaign manager for the mid-Atlantic states, founded the DCI Group's lobbying practice and oversaw the contract with Myanmar in 2002 ... asked to become convention CEO after campaign manager Rick Davis's lobbying firm partner, Paul Manafort, was nixed because of his own close ties to foreign governments and controversial companies Carlos Bonilla ...
Lobbying By Country - Other Countries
... Other countries where lobbying is regulated in parliament bills include Canada Georgia (1998) Hungary (2006) ...
Subprime Mortgage Crisis Solutions Debate - Lobbying
... political influence of the financial industry or closer monitoring of lobbying activities to understand better the incentives behind it." The Boston Globe reported during that during January–June 2009, the ... banks spent these amounts ($ millions) on lobbying, despite receiving taxpayer bailouts Citigroup $3.1 JP Morgan Chase $3.1 Bank of America $1.5 and ... mounted an aggressive public relations and lobbying campaign designed to suggest that government policy rather than corporate policy caused the financial crisis ...