Liu Yongfu

Liu Yongfu (simplified Chinese: 刘永福; traditional Chinese: 劉永福; pinyin: Liú Yǒngfú; Wade–Giles: Liu Yung-fu; Vietnamese: Lưu Vĩnh Phúc) (1837–1917) was a Chinese soldier of fortune and commander of the celebrated Black Flag Army. Liu won fame as a Chinese patriot fighting against the French in northern Vietnam (Tonkin) in the 1870s and early 1880s. During the Sino-French War (August 1884–April 1885) he established a close friendship with the Chinese statesman and general Tang Ching-sung, and in 1895 he helped Tang organise resistance to the Japanese invasion of Taiwan. He succeeded Tang as the second and last leader of the short-lived Republic of Formosa (5 June–21 October 1895).

Read more about Liu Yongfu:  Early Years, Black Flags Versus Yellow Flags, Liu Yongfu and Francis Garnier, Liu Yongfu and Henri Rivière, Son Tay, Bac Ninh and Hung Hoa, Tuyen Quang and Hoa Moc, Defence of The Democratic Republic of Formosa, Final Years, Legacy

Other articles related to "liu yongfu, yongfu, liu":

Liu Yongfu - Legacy
... The Yongfu Road and Yongfu Elementary School in West-Central District, Tainan City, Taiwan, named after Liu Yongfu ...
Sơn Tây Campaign - Background
... captain Henri Rivière at the Battle of Paper Bridge on 19 May 1883 at the hands of Liu Yongfu and the Black Flag Army, the French government sent substantial reinforcements to Tonkin ... the Black Flags, and tried to persuade China to withdraw its support for Liu Yongfu, while attempting to win the support of the other European powers for the projected offensive ... The French cabinet accepted that an attack on Liu Yongfu would probably result in an undeclared war with China, but calculated that a quick victory in Tonkin would force the Chinese to accept ...
Capture Of Nam Định (1883) - The Decision To Attack Nam Dinh
... At Son Tay, Liu Yongfu was preparing to attack the French in Hanoi with 5,000 men of the Black Flag Army ... They recommended that the French should instead attack Liu Yongfu in Son Tay with all their available forces ... the French were not strong enough to take on Liu Yongfu ...
Sơn Tây Campaign - The Battle For Son Tay
... Hoping to exploit Courbet's defeat, Liu Yongfu attacked the French lines the same night, but the Black Flag attack also failed disastrously ... Liu Yongfu lost so many men in this counterattack that he was obliged to abandon the Phu Sa positions and withdraw into the fortified perimeter of Son Tay ... Liu Yongfu's garrison withdrew to the citadel, and evacuated Son Tay under cover of darkness several hours later ...
Battle Of Cầu Giấy (Paper Bridge) - Nam Dinh and Gia Cuc
... ability to resist French encroachment in Tonkin, reconciled the quarrel between Liu and Hoang and persuaded Liu to take the field in earnest with the Black Flag Army ... Liu's decision to commit the Black Flag Army against the French was to have profound consequences, setting in train a chain of events that culminated eventually in the Sino-French War (Au ... of Paper Bridge was precipitated by a challenge by Liu Yongfu, who posted up placards in Hanoi on 10 May 1883 daring Rivière to come out and meet the ...