Lithuanian Jews

Lithuanian Jews or Litvaks are Jews with roots in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania: (present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and the northeastern Suwałki region of Poland). The term is sometimes used, especially in Israel, to cover all Orthodox Jews who follow a "Lithuanian" (Ashkenazic and non-Hasidic) style of life and learning, whatever their ethnic background.

Lithuania was historically home to a large and influential Jewish community that was almost entirely eliminated during the Holocaust: see Holocaust in Lithuania. Before World War II there were over 110 synagogues and 10 yeshivas in Vilnius alone. Before World War II, the Lithuanian Jewish population was some 160,000, about 7% of the total population. Vilnius (then Wilno in the Second Polish Republic) had a Jewish community of nearly 100,000, about 45% of the city's total. About 4,000 Jews were counted in Lithuania during the 2005 census. There are still strong communities of Jews of Lithuanian descent around the world, especially in Israel, the United States, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Brazil and Australia.

Quoting the research done by H.G. Adler into Poland during World War II called Theresienstadt 1941-1945, there were '80,000 Jews conscripted into Poland's independent army prior to the German invasion who identified themselves as Lithuanian Jews'. Using different sources Holocaust researchers claim there were between 60,000 - 65,000 Jewish soldiers in Poland's independent army that identified themselves as Lithuanian Jews.

Read more about Lithuanian Jews:  Etymology, Ethnicity, Religious Customs and Heritage, History, Lithuanian Jews in The Second World War, Culture, Genetics, Jews in Lithuania Today

Other articles related to "lithuanian jews, jews, jew, lithuanian":

Judaism In Lithuania - Jewish Culture in Lithuania - Items From The Responsa
... The responsa shed an interesting light also on the life of the Lithuanian Jews and on their relations to their Christian neighbors ... century) that "the Christians borrow clothes and jewelry from the Jews when they go to church." Sirkes (l.c ... her regret at having been unable to save the Jew Shlioma from drowning ...
History Of Lithuania - World War II (1939–1945) - Nazi Occupation - The Holocaust
... Before the Holocaust, Lithuania was home to about 210,000 or 250,000 Jews ... According to one estimate, the Nazis and their Lithuanian collaborators murdered around 190,000 Lithuanian Jews (91% of the pre-war Jewish community) during ... Executions of Jews on a mass scale took place in Lithuania before the practice had spread to other occupied countries ...
Responsibility For The Holocaust - Involved - Other States - Baltic States
... See also Holocaust trials in Soviet Estonia Lithuanian and Latvian auxiliary military units (Schutzmannschaften) with Nazi Einsatzgruppen detachments participated in the extermination of the Jewish population in ... Arajs Commando, a Latvian volunteer police unit, for example, shot 26,000 Latvian Jews, at various locations after they had been brutally rounded-up ... the June invasion by Germany, the majority of Lithuanian Jews were executed ...
Judaism In Lithuania - Lithuanian Jews Under The Russian Empire
... See also History of the Jews in Russia and the Soviet Union In 1795 the final Third Partition ended the existence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the former lands of the Grand Duchy of ... the end of the 19th century, many of Lithuania's Jews were part of the general flight of Jews from Eastern Europe to the New World due to conflicts and pogroms ... Millions of Jews, including tens of thousands of Lithuanian Jews, emigrated to the United States of America ...
Lithuanian Jews - Jews in Lithuania Today
... Interest among descendants of Lithuanian Jews has spurred tourism and a renewal in research and preservation of the community's historic resources and possessions ... Increasing numbers of Lithuanian Jews are interested in learning and practising the use of Yiddish ... Among notable contemporary Lithuanian Jews are the brothers Emanuelis Zingeris (a member of the Lithuanian Seimas) and Markas Zingeris (writer ...

Famous quotes containing the word jews:

    We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; yet we know that a person is justified not by the works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ. And we have come to believe in Christ Jesus, so that we might be justified by faith in Christ, and not by doing the works of the law, because no one will be justified by the works of the law.
    Bible: New Testament, Galatians 2:15-16.