List of States in The Holy Roman Empire (L)

This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter L:







Lage Lordship
Landau 1201: Imperial City Upp Rhen 1515: Member of the Décapole
1648: Annexed to France
1815: Annexed to Bavaria
Landsberg Principality
Landsberg-Osterland Margraviate 1032 1291: Annexed to Meißen
Langwies Jurisdiction
see: Saxe-Lauenburg
Laurenburg County 1093 1197: Annexed to Nassau
Lausanne Bishopric
1270: Prince-Bishopric
1011 1536: Secularized by Bern
Lausanne Imperial City 1434 1536: Conquered by Bern
Lavant (St. Andra) 1228: Bishopric
Aust c1320 Dietrich, 1st Prince-Bishop, 1318-1332
Since 22nd Bishop, Theobald Schweinbeck, 1446–1463, bishops borne title of Prince
Lebus Prince-Bishopric Diocese acquired from Poland in 1248, effective condominium of Brandenburg and Magdeburg, secularized in 1555, merged into Brandenburg in 1598.
Count of Leiningen & Dagsburg, Lord of Aspremont, Oberstein, Bruch, Bürgel & Reipoltskirchen, etc.
1128: County early 12th Century 1128: 1st mention of "Count of Leiningen"
1220: 1st line of Counts of Leiningen extinct; passed by marriage to Counts of Saarbrücken
1220: Acquired Lordship of Hardenburg from Saarbrücken inheritance
1225/1241: Inherited HRE County of Dagsburg
1310: Partitioned into Leiningen-Dachsburg (extinct 1467) and Leiningen-Leiningen
1312: Acquired Landvogt in Lower Alsace
1444: Secured from Emperor Frederick III rank of Landgrave in Alsace
1467: Passed by female succession to Lords of Westerburg (Leiningen-Westerburg line)
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Billigheim, Allfeld, Mühlbach, Katzenthal, and Neuburg at the Neckar,

Count of Dagsburg & Aspremont

1593–1688, 1658-1709: County Upp Rhen 1310: Partitioned from Leiningen
1593: Partitioned from Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg
1688: Line extinct
Partitioned from Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim
1709: Line extinct
Prince of Leiningen, Count-Palatine of Mosbach, Lord of Miltenberg, Amorbach, Düren, Bischofsheim, Hardheim & Lauda, etc.
1779: HRE Principality
Upp Rhen 1343: Partitioned from Leiningen-Dachsburg
1466: Acquired Lords in Lorraine
1467: Inherited Dagsburg and changed its name to Leiningen-Dagsburg
Leiningen-Leiningen County 1310: Partitioned from Leiningen 1467: Annexed to Westerburg
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Herzbolzheim, Count of Dagsburg & Aspremont
Count of Leiningen, Lord of Westerburg, Grünstadt, Oberbrunn & Forbach
1467: County 1705: Division into Leiningen-Westerburg-Altleiningen and Leiningen-Westerburg-Neuleiningen
Lemgo Imperial Free City Low Rhen RH Annexed to Lippe
Leuchtenberg 1196: Landgraviate
1376: HRE Landgraviate
1440: HRE Princely Landgraviate
Bav early 12th Century 1119: Acquired by Lordship of Waldeck through marriage
1158: 1st mention of Count of Leuchtenberg
1209: Division into Waldeck and Leuchtenberg
1366: Territorial division (Vesten zu Leuchtenberg/Pfreimd and Pleystein/Reichenstein/Grafenwohr)
Acquired County of Hals
1476: Division of County of Hals
1486: Hals sold to Counts of Aichberg
1500: Bavarian Circle
1582: HRE Council of Princes
1646: Male line extinct
Sold Leuchtenberg and Waldeck to Bavaria
1707-1708: To B. of Bamberg
1708: To HRE Princes of Lamberg
1770: Annexed to Bavaria
Leutkirch im Allgäu Imperial Free City Swab SW 1803: Annexed to Bavaria
1810: Annexed to Württemberg
HRE Prince of and at Leyen & Hohengeroldseck, Baron of Adendorf, Lord of Bliescastel, Burrweiler, Münchweiler,Orterbach, Niewern, Saffig, Ahrenfels, Bongard, Simpelfeld, etc.
1653: HRE Barony
1711: HRE County
1806: Prince
c1296 c1420: Partitioned into Neustadt and Saffig
1667 owners of immediate knightly possession of Burrweiler
1705: immediate Lord of Hohengeroldseck
1711: Imperial Estate
Lichtenberg 1458: HRE County 1206: 1st mention of Lichtenberg family
1246: 1st mention of Lichtenberg castle
1249: Secured Imperial Advocacy of Strassburg
1480: Male line extinct; territories passed, through females, to Counts of Hanau and Counts of Zweibrücken-Bitsch
1570: Portion of extinct Counts of Zweibrücken-Bitsch inherited by Hanau
1817: Became an exclave of Saxe-Coburg
1834: Bought by Prussia
Lichtenthal Abbacy
Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein, Duke of Troppau & Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg, etc
1608: HRE Princely rank for Liechtenstein family
1712: Principality of Liechtenstein
1719: HRE Principality
Swab 1699: Purchased Lordship of Schellenberg
1707: Admission to College of Princes of Swabia
1712: Purchased County of Vaduz
1713: HRE Council of Princes
1719: Establishment of the Principality of Liechtenstein from Hohenems-Vaduz and Schellenberg
1806: Joined the Confederation of the Rhine
1815: Joined the German Confederation
Liège (Lüttich, Liege) Bishopric Low Rhen EC 972 1793: Council of Princes
1795: Annexed to France
HRE Prince of Ligne & Amblise/Amblia, Margrave of Roubaix/Roubais & Dormans, Count of Fauquemberghe, Baron of Werchin, Beloeil, Antoing, Cisoing, Villiers, Silly & Herzelles; Sovereign of Fagnolle; Lord of Baudour, Wallincourt,& other lands
1544: HRE County
1601: HRE Principality
1503: non-immediate Counts of Faucquenberg
Immediate Lords
1770: Counts of Fagnolle
1786: Estate of the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Imperial Circle
Limburg (County) 1242: County of Isenberg-Limburg 1242-1508: To Counts of (Isenberg) Limburg
1508-1542: Inherited by the Counts of Dhaun-Falkenstein
1542-1592: Passed by marriage to the Counts of Neuenahr-Alpen
1592-1610: Inherited by Bentheim
1610-1626: To Bentheim-Limburg
1626-1629: To Bentheim-Alpen
1629-1817: To Bentheim-Tecklenburg-Rheda
1289: Acquired Altenhof and Styrum
1370: Acquired Neu-Isenburg
1422: Acquired Bedburg
1422: Acquired Hackenbroich
16..: Acquired Aichheim
1640: Acquired Gemen
1664: Acquired a portion of Bronchhorst
Area: 118 km²
Limburg-Broich 1439-1508: County 1439: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum 1442; Dukes of Berg gained overlordship from Dukes of Cleves
1449: Counts of Limburg-Broich embroiled in succession dispute with Neuenahr-Alpen over County of Limburg
1449: Shared rule over County of Limburg with Counts of Neuenahr-Alpen
1508: Inherited by Wirich V of Dhaun-Falkenstein who married Amoena of Sayn, adopted heiress of John of Limburg-Broich
Limburg-Hohelimburg 1246-1304: County 1246: Partitioned from Counties of Altena and Isenberg 1304: United with Limburg-Styrum
Limburg 1106: Duchy Burg PR c1100 1155: the Lords of Limburg separated from Lower Lorraine and became independent dukes
1288: Passed to Brabant
1512: Burgundian Circle
1582: HRE Council of Princes
1648: Spain ceded the Counties of Dalhem and Falkenberg and the town of Maastricht to the United Provinces
1714: Southern Limburg passed to the Habsburg dominions of Austrian Netherlands
1794-1814: To France
Area: 118 km²
Count of Limburg and Bronckhorst, Lord of Styrum, Wisch, Borkelo and Gemen, Hereditary Banner-Lord of the Principality of Gelderland and the County of Zütphen
1271: County 1271 Mediatised in 1806
Several partitions which did not outlast it
Limburg-Styrum-Borkelö 1766: County
Limburg-Styrum-Bronchhorst 1766: County
Limburg-Styrum-Bronchhorst-Borkelö 1644: County 1644: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum
1766: Division into Limburg-Styrum-Borkelo and Limburg-Styrum-Bronchhorst
Limburg-Styrum-Gemen 1644-1782: HRE County 1644: Partitioned from Limburg-Styrum 1657: Division into Limburg-Styrum-Gemen and Limburg-Styrum-Iller-Aichheim
Bench of Counts of Westphalia
1782: To Limburg-Styrum-Iller-Aichheim
Limpurg County Franc 1500: Franconian Circle
1806: Mediatised to Württemberg
Lindau 810: Abbacy
1466: Princess-Abbess
1802: Secularized
1804: To Austria
1805: To Bavaria
Lindau 1275: Imperial Free City Swab SW 1274 1802: Annexed to Pr. of Bretzenheim
1804: Annexed to Austria
1806: Annexed to Bavaria
Lingen County Low Rhen 1597: Occupied by Nassau-Orange
1605: To Spain
1633: To Nassau-Orange
1702: Inherited by Prussia
HRE Prince, Count & Noble Lord of Lippe, Count of Schwalenberg & Sternberg, Hereditary Burgrave of Utrecht
1129: Lordship
1529: Imperial County
Low Rhen WE 1129: Allodium within the older Duchy of Saxony
1180: Partitioned from the older Duchy of Saxony
Before 1180: Part of older Duchy of Saxony, till emperor deposed Henry the Lion
1449: Partly and 1517 completely subjected as fief of Hesse-Cassel
1536: Partitioned into Lippe-Detmold and Sternberg and Pyrmont
1614: Division into Lippe-Detmold, Lippe-Brake, Lippe-Schwalenberg and Lippe-Alverdissen
Prince, Count and Noble Lord of Lippe, Count of Schwalenberg & Sternberg, Hereditary Burgrave of Utrecht
1720: Principality of Imperial immediacy
1789: HRE Prince
1815: Sovereign and renamed into Lippe
1918: Free State of Lippe
1947: Merged in North Rhine-Westphalia
1614: Partitioned from Lippe 1709: Lippe-Brake incorporated into Lippe-Detmold
1749: Lippe-Alverdissen line extinct
1763: Purchase of mediatised Lippe-Biesterfeld and Lippe-Biesterfeld-Weißenfeld
1807: Joined the Confederation of the Rhine
1815: Joined the German Confederation
1866: Joined the North German Confederation
1871: Joined Germany (Empire)
Lippe-Detmold line extinct, Lippe-Biesterfeld ascended the throne
Livonia 1201: Prince-Bishopric
Livonian Order 1202: Founded by Albert of Buxhoeveden
Prince Lobkowitz, Duke of Roudnice, Princely Counts of Sternstein, etc.
1624: HRE Prince 1300s: Lobkowitz 1st mentioned
Acquired Princely County of Sternstein
1806: Mediatised to Bavaria
1814: Sternstein sold to Bavaria
Lommersum Acquired by Schasberg
(Looz in French)
Duke and HRE Princely Count of Looz, Hesbaye/Hasbanien/Haspengau, Hoorn/Horne/Hornes, Niel/Nyel, Duke of Corswarem-Looz, Count of Fresing and Nieurlet, Upper-Court-Lord of the City and the Castellany of Cassel, Margrave of Ligny, Tongrinne and Pont-d'Oie, Baron of Longchamps and Cranewyck, Vice-Count of St. Gertrude at Liernu, Lord of the free City of Wavre, the City of Fleurus and the Lordships of Landelis, Bommeree, Denee, St. Marie, Vitry, Grand-Lez, Betisart, Clermont, Veleine, and other places
1000s: County of Loon 944 1366: Annexed to Bp. of Liège
Lorraine 1048: Duchy Upp Rhen 925: Duchy of Lorraine (Lotharingia) part of the Holy Roman Empire
959: Administrative division into Upper Lorraine (present French Lorraine and Luxemburg) and Lower Lorraine (present Belgium, Brabant and the Netherlands)
1048: Emperor Henry III conferred the Duchy of Upper Lorraine upon Count Gerhard of Alsace
1473: Counts of Vaudemont, Rene II of Lorraine inherits Lorraine,thus united his maternal inheritance of Lorraine, Bar, Pont-a-Mousson and Guise with his paternal inheritance of Vaudemont, Joinville, Aumale, Mayenne and Elbeouf
1480: Permanent union of the Duchies of Lorraine and Bar
1552-1559: French occupation
1582: HRE Council of Princes
1633-1659: French occupation
1670-1697: French occupation
1702-1714: French occupation
1736: To France
Lorraine-Nomény Principality (personalist) n/a PR 1736 1803: Reichstag seat revoked
Lorsch RA
Losenstein HRE Lordship 1629: Line died out
HRE Count of Löwenstein, Wertheim, Rochefort, Montaigu, Limpurg, Virneburg, Gaildorf, Supreme Prince of Chassepierre/Chaisepierre, Lord of Scharfeneck, Breuberg, Herbeumont/Herbimont, Neufchâteau
1494: HRE County
1712: HRE Principality
1123: Lowenstein founded by the Counts of Calw
?-1281: To a branch of the Counts of Calw
1281: To Habsburgs when German King Rudolph I purchased Lowenstein and gave Lowenstein to his natural son Albert
1441: Sold by Henry, Albert's descendant, to the Elector Palatine of the Rhine Frederick I
Louis II of Lowenstein inherited the County of Wertheim and other lands by marriage and called himself Count of Lowenstein-Wertheim
1806: Mediatized
Area: 53 sq. mi.
HRE Prince of Löwenstein and Wertheim, Count of Rochefort, Montaigu, Supreme Prince of Chassepierre/Chaisepierre, Lord of Scharfeneck, Breuberg, Herbeumont/Herbimont, Neufchâteau, Kerpen and Kasselburg
1803: HRE Principality
Franc 1574: Coalesced from Löwenstein, Stolberg-Rochefort and Wertheim-Breuberg 1500: Franconian Circle
1611: Division into Lowenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort and Lowenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg
1806: To the Prince-Primate Karl Theodor von Dalberg
Lowenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg 1812: Prince
HRE Prince of Löwenstein and Wertheim, Count of Rochefort, Montaigu, Supreme Prince of Chassepierre, Lord of Scharfeneck, Breuberg, Herbeumont, Neufchâteau, Kerpen & Kasselburg
1712: HRE Principality
Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Principality
Lowenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg 1611: Partition of Lowenstein-Wertheim 1721: Division into Lowenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg (Volradsche Line) and Lowenstein-Wertheim-Virneburg (Karlsche Line)
Lower Alsace Landgraviate 731: Partitioned from Alsace 1358: Annexed to Strasbourg
Lower Austria Duchy 1379: Partitioned from Austria 1493: Re-annexed to Austria
Lower Bavaria Duchy 1255: Partitioned from Bavaria 1353: Partitioned into Bavaria-Landshut and Bavaria-Straubing
Lower Isenburg HRE County El Rhin 1218: Partitioned from Isenburg-Isenburg 1503: Partitioned into Isenburg-Grenzau and Isenburg-Neumagen
1512: Electoral Rhenish Circle
1664: Line died out
Lower Lotharingia
Lower Lorraine
Duchy 977: Emperor Otto II granted Lower Lorraine as a duchy to Charles, brother of Lothair of France, as a German fief. 1033: United with Upper Lorraine when Gozelo I succeeded
Superseded by Counts of Leuven (the later Dukes of Brabant) in 1106; without authority since 1190; both Brabant and Guelre based their claim of Archducal rank on being its successor
Lower Salm County 1170: Partitioned from Salm 1416: Created as Salm-Reifferscheid
Lower Schönburg County Upp Sax WT 1569: Partitioned from Schönburg Partitioned into Schönburg-Hinterglauchau, Schönburg-Rochsburg and Schönburg-Wechselburg
Lübeck Bishopric
1180: HRE Prince-Bishopric
Low Sax EC 1180: Partitioned from older Duchy of Saxony Before 1180: Part of older Duchy of Saxony, till emperor deposed Henry the Lion
1180: Gained Imperial immediacy at the carve-up of the older Duchy of Saxony
1793: Council of Princes
1803: Secularised as Principality of Lübeck
Lübeck 1226: Imperial Free City Low Sax RH 1188: est.
1226: Gained Imperial immediacy
1810: Annexed to France
1815: Sovereign as Free City
1937: Annexed to Prussia
Lübeck Principality Low Sax 1803: Created by securalisation of Prince-Bishopric 1803: Principality to Oldenburg
1937: Annexed to Prussia
Lucerne Imperial Free City 1415: Split off from Habsburg 1178: City of Lucerne founded
Owned by Murbach Abbey
1291: To Habsburgs
1332: Member of Swiss Condeferation
1648: Left Empire as member of Swiss Confederation
Lustenau Imperial Farm 1814: To Austria
Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count of Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelbogen & Dietz, Burgrave of Hammerstein, Lord of Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg & Eppstein
963: Lord
1059: County
1354: Duchy
1815: Grand Duchy
Burg PR 963 1139-1189: Union with County of Namur
1364: Acquired County of Chiny
1383-1443: Luxemburg pawned by Emperors to Bohemia and Burgundy
1441: Luxemburg sold to Dukes of Burgundy
1443-1482: To Dukes of Burgundy
1482-1815: To Austrian Habsburgs
1512: Burgundian Circle
1582: HRE Council of Princes
1815: Joined the Confederation of the Rhine
1815-1890: Luxemburg and the Netherlands in personal union under King of the Netherlands

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    I bring full-flavoured wine out of a barrel found
    Where seven Ephesian topers slept and never knew
    When Alexander’s empire passed, they slept so sound.
    William Butler Yeats (1865–1939)

    It is a dogma of the Roman Church that the existence of God can be proved by natural reason. Now this dogma would make it impossible for me to be a Roman Catholic. If I thought of God as another being like myself, outside myself, only infinitely more powerful, then I would regard it as my duty to defy him.
    Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951)

    Hey, you dress up our town very nicely. You don’t look out the Chamber of Commerce is going to list you in their publicity with the local attractions.
    Robert M. Fresco, and Jack Arnold. Dr. Matt Hastings (John Agar)

    The people of the United States have been fortunate in many things. One of the things in which we have been most fortunate has been that so far, due perhaps to certain basic virtues in our traditional ways of doing things, we have managed to keep the crisis of western civilization, which has devastated the rest of the world and in which we are as much involved as anybody, more or less at arm’s length.
    John Dos Passos (1896–1970)

    For them it’s out-of-date and outmoded to perform miracles; teaching the people is too like hard work, interpreting the holy scriptures is for schoolmen and praying is a waste of time; to shed tears is weak and womanish, to be needy is degrading; to suffer defeat is a disgrace and hardly fitting for one who scarcely permits the greatest of kings to kiss the toes of his sacred feet; and finally, death is an unattractive prospect, and dying on a cross would be an ignominious end.
    Desiderius Erasmus (c. 1466–1536)