The Lincoln Highway is the first road for the automobile across the United States of America. The highway turns 100 years old in 2013.
Conceived and promoted by Indiana entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher, the Lincoln Highway spans coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, originally through 13 states: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada, and California. In 1915, the "Colorado Loop" was removed, and in 1928, a realignment relocated the Lincoln Highway through the northern tip of West Virginia. Thus, there are a total of 14 states, 128 counties, and over 700 cities, towns and villages through which the highway passes at some time in its history.
The first officially recorded length of the entire Lincoln Highway in 1913 was 3,389 miles (5,454 km). Over the years, the road was improved and numerous realignments were made, and by 1924 the highway had been shortened to 3,142 miles (5,057 km). Counting the original route and all of the subsequent realignments, there is a grand total of 5,869 miles (9,445 km).
Conceived in 1912 and formally dedicated October 31, 1913, the Lincoln Highway is America's first national memorial to President Abraham Lincoln, predating the 1922 dedication of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. by nine years. As the first automobile road across America, the Lincoln Highway brought great prosperity to the hundreds of cities, towns and villages along the way. The Lincoln Highway became affectionately known as "The Main Street Across America."
The Lincoln Highway was inspired by the Good Roads Movement. In turn, the success of the Lincoln Highway and the resulting economic boost to the governments, businesses and citizens along its route inspired the creation of many other named long-distance roads (known as National Auto Trails), such as the Yellowstone Trail, National Old Trails Road, Dixie Highway, Jefferson Highway, Bankhead Highway, Jackson Highway, Meridian Highway and Victory Highway. Many of these named highways were supplanted by the United States Numbered Highways system of 1926. Most of the Lincoln Highway became US Route 30, with portions becoming US Route 1 in the East and US Route 40 and US Route 50 in the West.
Most significantly, the Lincoln Highway inspired the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956, which was championed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, influenced by his experiences as a young soldier crossing the country in the 1919 Army Convoy on the Lincoln Highway. Today, Interstate 80 is the cross-country highway most closely aligned with the Lincoln Highway. In the West, particularly in Wyoming, Utah and California, sections of Interstate 80 are paved directly over alignments of the Lincoln Highway.
The Lincoln Highway Association, originally established in 1913 to plan, promote, and sign the highway, was re-formed in 1992 and is now dedicated to promoting and preserving the road. The LHA has 1000 members located in 40 states and Washington D.C., and in Canada, England, Germany, Luxembourg, Scotland and Norway. The association has active state chapters in 12 Lincoln Highway states and maintains a national tourist center in Franklin Grove, Illinois, in an historic building built by Harry Isaac Lincoln, a cousin of Abraham Lincoln. The LHA holds yearly national conferences, and is governed by a board of directors with representatives from each Lincoln Highway state.
In 2013, the Lincoln Highway Association will host the Official Lincoln Highway 100th Anniversary Tours and Centennial Celebration. The two tours will start simultaneously the last week of June 2013 in New York City and San Francisco, and take one week to reach the mid-point of the Lincoln Highway in Kearney, Nebraska, where the centennial celebration will be hosted at the Great Platte River Road Museum on July 1, 2013.
Other articles related to "lincoln highway, lincoln, highway":
... The Lincoln Highway in Omaha, Nebraska runs east–west from near North 183rd Street and West Dodge Road in towards North 192nd Street outside of Elkhorn ... This section of the Lincoln Highway, one of only twenty miles that were paved with brick in Nebraska, is one of the most well-preserved in the country ... The Lincoln Highway was the first road across the United States of America, traversing coast-to-coast from Times Square in New York City to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, California ...
... as "Main Market Route 3", was chosen in 1913 to become part of the historic Lincoln Highway which was the first road across America, connecting New York City to San Francisco ... In Ohio, the Lincoln Highway linked many towns and cities together, including Canton, Mansfield, Wooster, Lima, and Van Wert ... The arrival of the Lincoln Highway to Ohio was a major influence on the development of the state ...
... B Dunellen Local Dunellen Route 529 Lincoln Highway Kendall Park, or New Brunswick Line 100 Port Authority Bus Terminal New Jersey Turnpike (to exit 9 ... New York United Nations plaza New Jersey Turnpike (to exit 9) Somerset Street/Lincoln Highway Kendall Park Shopping Center, or New Brunswick Garage, or Milltown, or East Brunswick Transportation Center Line 600 New ...
... The carotid sheath, a layer of connective tissue, was called the "Lincoln Highway of the Neck" by Harris B ...
... According to the Lincoln Highway Association, the Lincoln Highway in Omaha can still be followed through the city ... Two and a half miles west of Boys Town the route turns right at the Lincoln Highway sign at North 183 Street ... The following section of the highway was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003 ...
Famous quotes containing the words highway and/or lincoln:
“The highway leads to Heaven, but each finds his own way.”
“That I am not a member of any Christian Church, is true; but I have never denied the truth of the Scriptures; and I have never spoken with intentional disrespect of religion.”
—Abraham Lincoln (18091865)