Lima

Lima /ˈliːmə/ is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central part of the country, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population approaching 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru, and the fourth largest city in the Americas (as defined by "city proper"), behind São Paulo, Mexico City, and New York City. Lima is home to one of the largest financial hubs in Latin America. It has been defined as a beta world city by GaWC international ranking.

Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as la Ciudad de los Reyes, or "the City of Kings". It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Following the Peruvian War of Independence, it became the capital of the Republic of Peru. Today, around one-third of the Peruvian population lives in the metropolitan area.

Lima is home to one of the oldest higher learning institutions in the New World. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551 during Spanish colonial regime, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.

Read more about Lima:  Etymology, History, Geography, Demographics, Economy, Cityscape, Society and Culture, Subdivisions, Education, International Relations

Other articles related to "lima":

Antimafia - The First Commission - Disappointing Results
... Commission, the former mayor of Palermo, Salvo Lima was described as one of the pillars of Mafia power in Palermo ... It had no formal consequences for Lima ... led by Luciano Violante concluded that there were strong indications of relations between Lima and members of Cosa Nostra ...
Genesee College
... Erie Canal as the region's economic engine bypassed Lima completely ... dispute between the Methodist ministers, Lima and contending cities across the state, it was resolved to remove the college to Syracuse, New York ... In 1869, Genesee College obtained New York State approval to move to Syracuse, but Lima got a court injunction to block the move, and Genesee stayed in Lima until it was dissolved in 1875 ...
Brigadeiro Faria Lima Avenue
... Avenida Brigadeiro Faria Lima, most commonly known as just Faria Lima, is an important avenue in the city of São Paulo, Brazil ...
Peruvian Segunda División - Titles By Club
... Club Winners Winning Seasons Ciclista Lima 4 1944, 1946, 1949, 1993 Unión Huaral 4 1973, 1992, 1994, 2002 Carlos Concha 3 1953, 1955, 1963 Guardia ...

Famous quotes containing the word lima:

    The next Augustan age will dawn on the other side of the Atlantic. There will, perhaps, be a Thucydides at Boston, a Xenophon at New York, and, in time, a Virgil at Mexico, and a Newton at Peru. At last, some curious traveller from Lima will visit England and give a description of the ruins of St Paul’s, like the editions of Balbec and Palmyra.
    Horace Walpole (1717–1797)

    The next Augustan age will dawn on the other side of the Atlantic. There will, perhaps, be a Thucydides at Boston, a Xenophon at New York, and, in time, a Virgil at Mexico, and a Newton at Peru. At last, some curious traveller from Lima will visit England and give a description of the ruins of St. Paul’s, like the editions of Balbec and Palmyra.
    Horace Walpole (1717–1797)