Landing Craft

Landing craft are boats and seagoing vessels used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault. Most renowned are those used to storm the beaches of Normandy, the Mediterranean, and many Pacific islands during WWII. This was the high point of the landing craft, with a significant number of different designs produced in large quantities by the United Kingdom and United States.

Because of the need to run up onto a suitable beach, WWII landing craft were flat-bottomed, and many designs had a flat front, often with a lowerable ramp, rather than a normal bow. This made them difficult to control and very uncomfortable in rough seas. The control point (bridge was far too fancy a description for the facilities of the LCA and similar craft) was normally situated at the extreme rear of the vessel as were the engines. In all cases they tended to be known by an abbreviation derived from the official name rather than by the full title.

Read more about Landing Craft:  Origin, WWII Types, WWII Special Craft, Landing Barges

Other articles related to "landing craft, landing, craft, landings":

Plan Rubber - "Rubber Plan"
... sandy and shallow (ideal in themselves for landing craft), but were screened by a treacherous reef that was gapped only in six places ... Landing craft would have to be launched nearly 9 miles offshore because of the reef ... Apart from the docks at Belém itself, the only suitable landing points were some suitable beaches closer to the city, but these could only be reached by landing craft, and this only after an 8 mile journey ...
List Of World War II Vessel Types Of The United States - Navy - Amphibious Warfare Type
... WWII British terminology Amphibious Force Flagship Landing Ship, Headquarters Attack Transport Landing Ship, Infantry Amphibious warfare vessels include all ships having organic capability for ... There are two classifications of craft amphibious warfare ships which are built to cross oceans, and landing craft, which are designed to take troops from ship to shore ... Some vessels called “landing ships” did not have the capability to off-load troops and supplies onto beaches they were just transports or command-and-control vessels ...
SFR Yugoslav Navy - History
... navy operated numerous German and Italian submarines, destroyers, minesweepers, and tank-landing craft captured during the war or received as war reparations ... The navy used amphibious landing craft in support of army operations in the area of the Danube, Sava, and Drava rivers ... They included both tank and assault landing craft ...
Shohatsu Class Landing Craft
... The Shohatsu (小発) or 10m landing craft was a small landing craft used by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II ... It was used for landing personnel and stores ... It was built of steel and had a single bow with no landing ramp ...
Landing Craft - Landing Barges
... Landing barges were adaptations of British Thames barges and lighters as landing craft ... In size they came between the landing craft and landing ships ... They were used at all beaches during the landings at Normandy manned by British crews ...

Famous quotes containing the words craft and/or landing:

    The lyf so short, the craft so longe to lerne,
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    The dredful joye, alwey that slit so yerne;
    Al this mene I be love.
    Geoffrey Chaucer (1340–1400)

    I foresee the time when the painter will paint that scene, no longer going to Rome for a subject; the poet will sing it; the historian record it; and, with the Landing of the Pilgrims and the Declaration of Independence, it will be the ornament of some future national gallery, when at least the present form of slavery shall be no more here. We shall then be at liberty to weep for Captain Brown. Then, and not till then, we will take our revenge.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)